New plants this year

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Trees & Shrubs

Acer buergerianum (new)

From Eastern China and Korea, this is a very hardy species with three lobed foliage, turning to red and orange tones very late in autumn/winter. The grey and beige bark on older trees is very distinctively flaky, exfoliating in thin strips. A small tree in cultivation in the UK, usually to 10m only, yet up to 25m tall in warmer climates.

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Acer campbellii subsp. campbellii from Burma (new)

Large in the wild, in cultivation this makes a medium sized tree with splendid 5 to 7 lobed slightly shiny green leaves, expanding red and turning to yellow in autumn. Best sited in a sheltered position like open woodland where it will be hardy throughout most of the UK. Very rare in cultivation.

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Acer laevigatum var. salweenense (new)

From N. Vietnam, this small semi-evergreen maple has long taper pointed, unlobed foliage that emerges a remarkable and splendid deep-red. Requiring a sheltered site in not overly cold areas.

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Acer palmatum (new)

These are seed raised plants from wild Japanese origin. A small deciduous tree with handsome relatively small foliage from this locality, and excellent autumn colour, for any reasonable soil.

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Acer turkestanicum (new)

From SW Kyrgyzstan in Central Asia, these are probably the only plants in UK cultivation of this attractive, very hardy maple. The predominantly seven lobed leaves have extra smaller lobes and show good yellow autumn colour. A handsome round headed medium sized tree.

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Albizia julibrissin NJM 13.018 (new)

A collection from the furthest West in its range in Azerbaijan. Unique among foliage plants hardy throughout southern UK and a real taste of warmer climes with its exceptionally beautiful, feathery, Mimosa like foliage and sprays of light pink, fine brush-like fragrant flowers in late summer on a small tree with spreading, layered branches. Untouched here Jan '10.

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Amomyrtus meli (new)

A great rarity in cultivation, this Chilean myrtle has classic small evergreen foliage, not unlike A. luma or Luma apiculata for instance, but when crushed it gives a delightful fragrance. Clouds of cream flowers in late summer. An upright tree in the wild with highly attractive palest-cinnamon bark, here, so far, it has reached about 4m tall, making dense upright shrubs.

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Arbutus x androsterilis (new)

A virtually unheard of hybrid between A. canariensis and A. unedo, found occasionally wild on Tenerife, where A. unedo is an introduced weed. Visually it is closer to A. unedo, but it has unusual and distinctive slim foliage, pale pink tinged flowers and large, bright scarlet, deliciously sweet fruit. The bark is rough and red brown on young plants at least. Probably rather hardy.

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Ardisia japonica 'Houkan' (new)

Very new to cultivation here, a variegated Japanese selection of this evergreen non-aggressively mat forming plant for a leafy position in shade. The glossy leaves emarge with a pink tint and turn dark green with a large central area in yellow-green. Small pink and white star shaped flowers in spring, followed by red fruit in autumn, persisting into winter.

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Betula luminifera 'White House Farm' (new)

A selected form from Maurice Foster. Very attractive very long male catkins in April and shining, dark, reddish-brown, cherry-like bark with conspicuous horizontal lenticels. Large deep green leaves persist until late autumn. Perfectly hardy even though very early to start into growth. A success in Holland and Belgium for eg.

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Betula utilis 'Chris Sanders' (new)

A very richly coloured new form from wild Chinese seed. The bark is a complex mix of very fine features, with a base layer of dark purplish-red-brown, heavily banded with white lenticels. The whole is washed hither and thither with a misty cloud of whitish betulin and the papery peelings are semi-translucent burnt-orange. Praise be!

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Betula utilis 'Jim Russell' (new)

A new cultivar from Arboretum Wespelaar, Belgium, selected for its outstanding burnished-copper coloured bark. Collected originally by the late Jim Russell, the bark has a mix of red-brown and pale-purple tones. A medium sized strong growing tree, best planted in groups for extra bark effect, but of course one is still marvellous.

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Betula utilis var. jacquemontii 'Snow Leopard' (new)

This collection from Kashmir has been selected and vegetatively propagated from a tree showing distinctly pearly white bark. From the far western end of the species range where the trees exhibit wonderfully characterful trunks with less peeling bark. Many jacquemontii in cultivation are actually hybrids, this is the real deal. Easy, hardy, fast growing.

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Betula utilis var. occidentalis (new)

An extreme rarity from Central Asia, at the farthest western end of the species range in Tajikistan. One of the most beautiful birch for bark, unique in being cream and flaking in multiple sheets. Can be difficult in winter-mild areas like the UK, though has reached 11m at Wakehurst Place, Sussex, so worth every effort. Superbly adapted to Continental climates.

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Brachyglottis bidwillii (new)

A splendid foliage plant from alpine New Zealand making a small slow growing evergreen shrub to 75cm. Of compact rigid habit this makes a dome of very handsome and very thick textured foliage, vivid glossy green above and buff beneath. Flowers are relatively irrelevant and white. For well drained soil

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Buddleja paniculata (new)

A rarely available species, native to the Himalaya, where it forms a large deciduous shrub. Panicles of pale-lilac flowers in summer over soft-green hairy foliage that emerges white-woolly. For a sheltered position, best against a sunny wall.

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Buddleja speciosissima (new)

A new introduction to the UK from the cool mountains of temperate S. Brazil where it forms a medium sized shrub clothed in narrow foliage, silvery-white hairy when young and on the reverse. Spectacular in flower, this produces very distinctive terminal woolly inflorescences of tubular bright-orange flowers with flared mouths in summer. Exact hardiness unknown.

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Camellia forrestii (new)

The complete opposite of the usual brash and brazen cultivars so popular in gardens, this wild S. Chinese and N. Vietnamese species bears masses of small white lightly fragrant flowers on each shoot in spring. Probably best in milder gardens or as a potted specimen, afforded a little protection in winter. A shrub, or small tree given a long time and the right conditions

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Camellia sinensis (new)

Tea plant. Yup, this is where your PG Tips comes from. It is a perfectly hardy and growable plant for UK cultivation and with pleasant little white flowers in late autumn and early winter over the rich-green foliage, it is a wonder it is not planted more often. Why not grow your own tea? Makes a large shrub slowly, but can be kept in trim easily. Not for limy soil.

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Carpenteria californica 'Eskimo' (new)

Tree Anemone. A selected form of this July flowering, medium sized, evergreen Californian shrub, with a more compact habit and larger rounder flowers with overlapping petals. Masses of Anemone-like white flowers with golden centres over deep green leathery leaves. Best in full sun and not necessarily needing a wall, as once thought.

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Carpinus caroliniana from Mexico (new)

A form from NE Mexico of this American hornbeam which is possibly different to populations from the USA and may be the form sometimes accepted as var. tropicalis. A small to medium sized perfectly hardy tree which has been a great success in Kent for many years. Similar in many ways to our native species but with richer autumn colour, sometimes red-orange.

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Carpinus turczaninowii var. turczaninowii Farrer 331 (new)

These are propagations from the original 1914 Farrer introduction at Highdown, where it has made a very beautiful rounded tree to 11m tall, the branches pendulous at their tips. Dainty small leaves on slender stems emerge red-tinted, turning orange and russet in autumn. An altogether elegant deciduous tree, this will remain relatively small for many years.

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Cephalotaxus fortunei (new)

The 'Chinese Plum Yew' makes a hardy, bushy, large, rounded shrub or small tree, broader than tall. The leaves are up to 9cm long and female trees bear edible olive-brown fruit up to 3cm long in autumn. As shade tolerant as a Taxus, this can also be grown in full sun. From Central and South Western China and suited to most soils, including chalk.

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Choisya arizonica 'Whetstone' (new)

New to the UK, this was found originally in the mountains of S. Arizona by Sean Hogan and was selected for its winter red tint, fine foliage, and extra vigour. Beautiful fingered foliage with very narrow leaflets to only 5cm long on a rounded plant to only 90cm high, covered in a mass of large scented white flowers in summer, Drought tolerant, for sun to semi-shade.

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Cornus aff. capitata NJM 12.048 (new)

A very interesting find from 2222m altitude in Manipur, NE India. Foliage much less hairy and smoother than C. capitata and in many ways closer to C. hongkongensis. The bracts are white and the fruit are huge, up to 6cm across and drop from the trees pale green, unlike all C. capitata known, which have smaller red fruit.

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Cornus elliptica (new)

An evergreen flowering dogwood from China; visually much like an evergreen C. kousa with foliage dark glossy-green above and pale grey under. A mass of four-bracted inflorescences start out a beautiful lime-green in early summer before turning white and are followed by globose red fruit in autumn. A hardy small tree in the UK, best with a little shelter.

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Cornus macrophylla MSF 821

Cornus macrophylla MSF 821 (new)

This vigorous and much neglected small tree, collected in Korea, makes an impressive specimen with glossy pointed leaves and a mass of broad, flat heads of creamy flowers in July/Aug., followed by blue-black fruit. In old age it assumes a very picturesque, flat-topped shape, a bit like C. controversa. Very rarely encountered. Hardy and easy in most soils.

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Cornus oblonga from Sichuan (new)

A Chinese collection of a rarely seen or grown evergreen shrub for a sheltered position where it will produce glossy green foliage, grey downy on their undersides and terminal corymbs of slightly scented white flowers in late autumn and early winter. A large shrub to perhaps 3m.

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Cornus wilsoniana (new)

A superb species from China, though virtually unknown in UK cultivation as yet, making a very large shrub or small tree to at least 5m with a frothing mass of white flower in early summer. The highly attractive peeling bark makes a patchwork in shades of grey-white, grey and grey-green. Slim attractive foliage has a pale reverse. Hardy, for any reasonable soil.

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Correa reflexa var. nummulariifolia (new)

A dwarf evergreen shrub endemic to Tasmania, forming semi-prostrate mats of small rounded deep-green foliage and with elongated bell-shaped pale yellow flowers in spring. For well drained soil in a sunny sheltered position. Avoid very cold areas.

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Corylopsis glabrescens 'Lemon Drop' (new)

A selected form of this superb March flowering hardy deciduous shrub. From the Witch Hazel family, but looking very different in flower, the bare twigs of this wide spreading medium to large shrub are completely strung with innumerable pendulous racemes of scented pale yellow flowers in early spring. Foliage is ovate to orbicular and has fine autumnal tints.

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Corylus chinensis (new)

Chinese Hazel. A hardy, fairly strong growing, usually single stemmed tree with fairly large foliage that emerges maroon tinted. The brownish-grey bark develops a lightly fissured and flaking appearance. Closely related to the excellent C. colurna. Fine long catkins in spring.

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Cotoneaster ogisui Og 95105 (new)

A recently named species and one of the finest in the genus, this makes a medium to large shrub, up to 5m tall, with arching branches weighed down with masses of large orange-red to bright-red fruits in autumn as the lightly bullate (puckered) foliage turns orange and yellow. Hardy and easy.

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Crataegus sp. (new)

From Tajikistan, this makes a small deciduous tree with fairly broad and well lobed foliage up to about 10cm long and amber coloured reasonably large fruit. Extremely hardy.

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Cupressus cashmeriana KR 8688a (assamica)

Cupressus cashmeriana KR 8688a (assamica) (new)

This collection from Western Arunachal Pradesh is the true species, unlike the plant in cultivation under the name C. cashmeriana, and is hardier. The Weeping Cypress is one of the most beautiful of all conifers making a small to medium sized tree in the UK, with an upright conical crown draped with pendant sprays of conspicuous blue-grey foliage.

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Daphne bholua from Burma 1 (new)

From high altitude in N Burma this has evergreen foliage and bunches of smaller flowers, white in the face, purple-pink outside, turning to cream as they go over. Ultimate hardiness unknown in this form so give it a certain amount of shelter.

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Daphne bholua from Burma 2 (new)

From high altitude in N Burma this has evergreen foliage and flowers of an unknown shade as yet. Ultimate hardiness unknown in this form so give it a certain amount of shelter.

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Dendropanax trifidus (new)

A splendid evergreen large shrub or small rounded tree from Japan and Taiwan, still very rarely encountered in cultivation. Thick textured, glossy green, leathery foliage is deeply three lobed in the juvenile state and ovate/elliptic in adulthood. Conical heads of creamy flowers are produced terminally in summer followed by black fruit. Known to survive -15c in the USA.

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Deutzia compacta SBEC 435

Deutzia compacta SBEC 435 (new)

This Chinese species bears densely clustered, hawthorn-like, sweetly scented, white flowers, pink in bud, in July. Makes a neat compact, deciduous, hardy shrub. Any ordinary soil. This form collected in the Cangshan, Yunnan.

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Deutzia glomeruliflora (new)

A species from China, introduced by Wilson, making a hardy deciduous shrub up to about 2m, with leaves grey beneath. The dense clusters of large white flowers completely cover the plant in May and June. Any ordinary site or soil.

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Deutzia monbeigii (new)

A George Forrest intro from China, this makes a hardy deciduous shrub to about 1.5m with white-backed small foliage. Smothered in a mass of small, pure white, star shaped flowers in June. Tough and easy in most places, this holds an AGM from the RHS.

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Dichroa aff. yunnanensis (new)

Possibly this species, found in Himalayan N. Burma. A medium sized evergreen shrub bearing larger panicles than other species, up to approx. 25 x 25cm, of blue-black small fruit in autumn. Comparatively large foliage is borne on striking vivid blue petioles. I expect this to be suited to mild areas only.

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Ehretia acuminata (new)

Once known as E. thyrsiflora, this hardy small, slow growing tree can be highly effective in flower in late summer, usually August, when masses of small white flowers in corymbose panicles cover the foliage. From the Himalaya to the Far East, but also from SE Asia and Australia, this is a hardy species in the UK once established though very rarely planted or offered.

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Elaeagnus parvifolia (new)

Sometimes considered a variety of E. umbellatus, this has all the qualities of the latter but with slimmer leaves. A vigorous, hardy, sweet smelling deciduous large shrub when the masses of fragrant white flowers are borne in May and June. These are followed by splendidly tasty small red fruit en masse in autumn, which look very fine combined with the leaves.

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Eucryphia x nymansensis 'George Graham' (new)

Very similar to the well known 'Nymansay', but flowers two weeks later and has the same tolerance of alkaline soils. A very handsome dense, columnar, evergreen large shrub or small tree of rapid growth, wreathed in August and September with large round, white flowers. Best with some shelter from wind. A must for late summer.

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Euonymus alatus 'Rudy Haag' (new)

A particularly dwarf form of the species, forming flattened domes of dense foliage, turning to brilliant and intense crimson-pink in autumn. A slow growing Spindle, tolerant of almost any soil and one of the finest shrubs for extremely intense and reliable autumn colour. Branchlets can develop corky wings, and reddish-purple fruit with orange berries sometimes borne.

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Euonymus planipes 'Sancho' (new)

A very free flowering selection of the species, leading to an abundance of large showy scarlet fruit, opening to reveal dangling orange seeds. One of the finest of the Spindles on account of its superb autumn colour, this species from Sakhalin and Japan makes a large shrub. Easy and hardy.

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Euonymus semenowii (new)

From western Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, this is a very rare plant in cultivation, yet highly attractive and extremely hardy. A large deciduous shrub bearing handsome narrow lanceolate foliage with a pale midrib. Red flowers in May-June are followed by four-lobed pink fruit, bearing orange seeds.

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Euonymus sp. from Burma 2 (new)

A high altitude deciduous species from NW Kachin, Burma, with red tinted capsules. Makes a medium sized shrub. Hardiness untested.

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Euonymus sp. from Burma 3 (new)

An evergreen species from NW Kachin, Burma with conspicuous dark red flowers seen as the pale pink fruit ripened . Makes a medium sized shrub to about 2.5m. Hardiness untested.

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Euonymus verrucosus NJM 13.024 (new)

Found in the Azerbaijan Caucasus, this makes a medium sized deciduous shrub with good pink to red autumnal colour and pink fruit with dangling orange seeds. The branches are densely warty. Very hardy and easy in most sites and soils in sun or semi-shade.

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Exbucklandia populnea (new)

A highly desired evergreen member of the Hamamelis family from the Sino-Himalaya, though very rarely available and difficult to propagate. A foliage plant par excellence with bold, very thick textured foliage and conspicuous and distinctive stipules up to 3cm long. Flowers are irrelevant. A strong growing upright small tree for mild areas, though has easily taken -10c.

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Fagus sp. from N. Vietnam (new)

From Northern Vietnam, this could be one of a couple of species. Ovate, fairly taper pointed foliage persists much longer into winter than other beech, being green to at least Christmas. This should make a medium sized tree in the UK. The bark is a classic smooth cold grey.

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Ficus aff. oligodon NJM 13.084 (new)

A large leaved evergreen species from Manipur, NE India, the leaves approx. 20cm x 20cm and almost heart-shaped. Edible red-tinged large fruit. This is only worth trying outside in very mild areas of the British Isles, or used as a very bold conservatory plant.

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Ficus carica 'Cambridge Builder' (new)

Derived from said builder, this has particularly deeply lobed foliage. Striking, big, bold, very deeply lobed foliage, a joy in itself, with big juicy, sweet, purple-brown fruit in late summer. Very hardy, and perfect as a free standing specimen across much of the UK, but will fruit more prolifically against a wall, especially in poor soil, or with restricted roots.

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Ficus carica 'Sultane' (new)

Large pear-shaped dark blackish-purple fruit with particularly delicious red tinted flesh, this fig produces good crops outside, at least it does here in the Cotswolds. As ever, better crops will come from being planted against a warm sunny wall. Also known as 'Noire de Bellone'.

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Gamblea ciliata (new)

Found in E. Manipur, N.E. India, this rare member of the Aralia family forms a small to medium deciduous tree in the mountain forests of the Himalaya etc. Foliage is composed of three to five leaflets that turn to a bright yellow in autumn. Rounded clusters of white flower in summer, followed by black berries. Hardiness untested but should be quite tough.

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Gaultheria sp. From N. Burma (new)

A medium sized evergreen shrub up to about 2m high, with mid-green leaves and fruit in a rather lovely shade of palest blue.

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Grevillea alpina (new)

From high altitude in SE Australia, this compact, rounded small shrub produces a long season of bicoloured red and yellow flowers from spring over grey-green narrow foliage. Hardy through most winters these days if given adequate drainage. Height about 60cm.

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Hamamelis x intermedia 'Anne' (new)

An unusual clone, this cultivar from Holland has long bright yellow petals, seen on the bare branches in winter. A medium sized spreading shrub for any reasonable soil.

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Heimia salicifolia (new)

A rarely grown and relatively unknown, but hardy and attractive narrow-leaved small shrub ranging from the Southern USA to South America. Small rounded yellow flowers are produced from July to September. Up to 1.2m tall for sun or semi-shade. Leaves contain psychoactive alkaloids and have been used for shamanic purposes for aeons.

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Hoheria 'Borde Hill' (new)

Highly confused in the trade due to plants being raised from seed, this is the true form, renowned for its distinctive very slim columnar growth form. Considered a hybrid of H. sexstylosa and H. angustifolia. As ever, frothing masses of white star-like flowers in July/August and great vigour. Makes an evergreen columnar shrub or small tree to about 6m.

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Hydrangea 'Early Sensation' (new)

An early flowering form with deep-red stems which looks to be a hybrid between H. paniculata and H. heteromalla. Short, flattened, conical flower heads turn from white to rich pink in summer. The sterile and fertile florets are equally dispersed on the profuse inflorescences. A large shrub, though can be pruned hard for a smaller effect. Easy and hardy.

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Hydrangea aspera 'Elegant Sound Pavilion' (new)

Newly available, this is a most unusual mop-head form of the species found by Dan Hinkley on Emei Shan, Sichuan, China and named for the Buddhist temple near where it was discovered. The flower heads emerge in late summer with chartreuse (green) tones, turning to creamy-white and then going over to lime-green. Hardy, but perhaps not as a baby.

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Hydrangea aspera 'Farrell' (new)

A very distinct cultivar, making a smaller shrub to about 1.8m and one of the earliest clones to flower, in early July with me. Masses of lacecaps in lilac pink surrounded by palest pink outer florets. Rarely encountered though fully hardy.

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Hydrangea aspera 'Titania' (new)

A unique and extremely exciting form of the species, found in the wild in China. The foliage is large, heart-shaped, dark-green and with blood-red veins, midribs and petioles, to 32 x 22cm. The large lacecap flowers have lilac fertile flowers surrounded by huge white outer florets up to 8cm across and with deeply serrated margins. This seems to be best suited to milder gardens.

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Hydrangea aspera Villosa Grp. 'Velvet and Lace' (new)

A fine old Hillier selection, making a medium sized compact shrub to about 2m, with softly hairy leaves and stems. Large, mauve-blue lacecap flowers with paler mauve-pink outer florets borne in July and August, whether on acid or alkaline soil and effective till Oct. Very hardy, but can lose the first flush of leaves to late frost, though the flowers are never affected by this.

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Hydrangea heteromalla from Burma (new)

A collection from N. Burma at 3200m altitude, this form has large foliage with conspicuous red petioles. Airy large, white lacecap flowers from July to September. Makes a large, tough, deciduous shrub to about 2.5m in 10 years, suitable for sun or semi-shade.

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Hydrangea longipes var. longipes NJM 11.084 (new)

A collection from Guizhou of this unusual species. Early to flower, in June, with lacecap flowers pale lilac, surrounded by white sterile florets. Related to H. aspera, this is most evident in the foliage being hairy and broadly ovate, though with exceptionally long leaf stalks and, as a bonus, flushed bronze when young. Any reasonable well drained humusy soil.

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Hydrangea quercifolia 'Applause' (new)

Similar to the excellent 'Snow Queen', this is a refined form of the species. The conical flower heads with extra sterile florets, pure white turning pink with age, and weighing the branches down with their substance. American Red Oak-like foliage turns to red-purple in autumn and falls late. Easy in sun or semi-shade.

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Hydrangea serrata 'Santiago' (new)

A particularly good new form with very rich, vivid pink flowers, with the outer florets variably normal or semi-double, over the entire plant for a long season. Foliage soon takes on good maroon tints. A small rounded hardy deciduous shrub for acid or alkaline soils. In acid soils the flowers will turn deep blue.

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Ilex fargesii subsp. fargesii var. fargesii (new)

A particularly elegant species and a cut above the rest for foliage effect, forming a large shrub or small tree with slender, usually oblong leaves of up to 12.5cm. Fruit on females is small, bright red and produced in profusion down the stems. Perfectly hardy. Potentially reaching 6m at full maturity.

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Indigofera sp. NJM 13.078 (new)

A collection from Manipur, NE India at 1300m asl, not yet tested for hardiness, but this was a low altitude find from 1300m so best tried in a sheltered sunny warm position and perhaps a winter mulch (Indigofera come back very strongly if cut back). Deep red pink flowers in upright racemes from the leaf axils and strong growth on a plant to about 2m tall.

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Juglans microcarpa (new)

The Texan Walnut is particularly delicate and graceful in comparison to others, the pinnate leaves being composed of numerous small, narrow leaflets. Making only a small to medium sized tree, sometimes multi-stemmed, this is very hardy though rarely offered. Native to four central and southern US states.

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Lagerstroemia indica 'Cedar Lane Red' (new)

A very richly coloured cultivar raised in Georgia, USA, this Crape Myrtle has new growth flushed with red throughout the growing season and truly deep vibrant red flowers in late summer. Plant this against a warm wall to promote good flowering, though the plant itself is perfectly hardy. Best in the parts of the UK with reasonably warm summers.

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Liquidambar acalycina 'Spinners' (new)

A relatively recently introduced species from China, closely related to, but hardier than L. formosana, with 3-lobed leaves and new growth bronze-purple throughout the growing season, turning rich red in late autumn. 'Spinners' holds its autumn colour much longer into early winter. Makes a medium sized tree for any reasonable soil.

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Liquidambar orientalis (new)

Endangered in the wild state in SW Turkey, where it inhabits marshy ground in a few river valleys, this makes only a small tree here in the UK. The foliage is deeply 5-lobed (with extra lobes on those lobes) and turns to fine red and orange shades in autumn. Hardy and tolerant of moist sites as well as ordinary soil. Not happy on thin chalk.

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Lithocarpus fenestratus NJM 13.074 (new)

Found in Manipur, NE India, this handsome evergreen oak relative made a fine specimen tree with lustrous ovate foliage adorned with a drawn out drip-tip and a silvery underside. The leaves are highly attractive, drooping and suede-like on emergence. For a reasonably sheltered garden in not so cold areas.

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Lonicera aff. pamirica (new)

One of the many deciduous shrubby honeysuckles from Central Asia, this is from the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan, where it makes bushy well branched shrubs to 1.8m. Foliage is relatively slim, greyish-green and paler under. Small flowers in early summer are followed by a mass of small bright red berries, the colour of red-currants. Extremely hardy and drought tolerant.

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Lonicera crassifolia (new)

Really more a splendid ground cover than a climber, as it only gets to about 1m high, and as the former it makes a dense mat of very rounded small, evergreen, densely set semi-succulent foliage that takes on bronze tints in winter cold. The spring/early summer flowers are pale creamy-yellow and pink, followed by bluish-black berries autumn/winter. Hardy.

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Lonicera setifera 'Daphnis' (new)

A rare and special yet fully hardy and easy deciduous shrubby species from the Himalaya and China with a close affinity to L. fragrantissima. Clusters of sweetly fragrant white faced flowers with pink tinged throats are seen on the bare branches in late winter or early spring followed by bristly red berries. Reaches about 2m tall.

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Magnolia 'Ghislaine' (new)

A new (2011) hybrid from the renowned Magnolia collection at Arboretum Wespelaar, Belgium. Large pale lavender-pink flowers have a lovely droopy quality when open and cover the bare branches of this strong growing tree Magnolia in March/April. Leaves are persistent till Dec. Very floriferous. Parentage: M. 'Galaxy x 'Purple Breeze'.

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Magnolia 'Olivia' (new)

A sister seedling of 'Daphne', this has slightly larger rich yellow flowers on a more upright crown. Avoids late frost by being one of the last in spring to flower. One of the finest of yellow flowering cultivars.

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Magnolia campbellii Alba Group from Burma (new)

An unforgettable sight in very early spring when the branches of this large Himalayan tree are covered in hundreds (or thousands) of large waterlily like flowers. Found originally in N. Burma, these are grafts for earlier flowering. For good soil in any but the coldest gardens.

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Magnolia changhungtana x insignis (new)

A brand new hybrid between an extremely rare and very recently introduced white flowered species and a very deep red flowered form of M. insignis; both evergreen species from Asia and with considerable hardiness if sited out of freeze drying winds. These are F1 seed raised plants.

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Magnolia cylindrica (true) (new)

This is the true species, rather than the old hybrid long called cylindrica, which is now known as 'Pegasus'. A much taller, more upright tree, this is still not a large species, being up to 11m so far since its introduction in 1984. Masses of smallish fragrant white flowers with a subtle pink base are seen in spring, even on shaded specimens. Extremely hardy.

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Magnolia obovata Pink form (new)

A vigorous and very attractive medium sized tree for good soil. Very, very strongly fragrant creamy flowers with a pink flush and crimson stamens borne in May/June over huge obovate leaves, followed by big red fruit clusters. A wonderful tree that should be in every tree collection and/or reasonably sized garden. The scent drifts on the breeze for quite some distance.

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Magnolia x loebneri 'Swansong' (new)

A new cultivar raised by Maurice Foster in Kent. Visually this is a typical white x loebneri, with flowers half way between Magnolia kobus and stellata, but it flowers when the others in this group are going over. A very useful feature which extends the season and helps to avoid late frost. A pretty small tree, useful for small gardens.

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Mahonia 'Esme' (new)

A new Mahonia, found as a chance seedling and named by Maurice Foster in Kent. This is most probably a hybrid of the variable M. duclouxiana and the splendid bold foliage is composed of well spaced fairly narrow leaflets in an unusual grey-green tone on red-pink tinged petioles. Long racemes of fragrant yellow flowers are produced on grey-pink tinged stalks in winter.

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Mahonia fortunei 'Curlicue' (new)

A new form of this rarely seen species with rather distinct foliage; the leaflets twisting along their length. An evergreen, relatively slow growing bushy shrub, eventually reaching about 2m, with pinnate leaves composed of long and very narrow, well toothed leaflets with a matt finish. Bright yellow, erect terminal racemes of flower seen in autumn.

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Mahonia nitens x gracilipes (new)

From open pollinated seed collected from M. nitens, these plants have a lot of M. gracilipes blood and the flowers are far closer to the latter. Foliage is half way between the two. So, these will make a small evergreen shrub with deep-red flowers on long stalks above handsome pinnate foliage in late summer. Height 1m. For shade to semi-shade.

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Malus 'Roundabarrow Ruby' (new)

Raised from open pollinated M. transitoria, this has the splendid, up to three lobed, maple-like foliage of the latter, but is deep-red in new growth and older leaves are green, heavily suffused red. Most probably a hybrid, this is too new to have flowered with us yet, but they will almost without doubt be pink or red. A small tough tree for most sites.

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Melliodendron xylocarpum (new)

A highly desired and very rarely available Styrax relative from China, making a graceful small to medium sized tree in neutral or acid soil. A multitude of pendulous, but widely opening star shaped flowers in white or pale pink line the bare branches in April, up to 6cm across. Hardy, but happiest in sheltered conditions, not hot and dry.

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Myrceugenia ovata var. nannophylla (new)

One of the two most cold-tolerant of Chilean Myrtaceae, this medium sized upright evergreen shrub to about 2.5m tall is clothed in masses of tiny slim foliage that flushes red, followed by masses of creamy-white flowers and orange fruit. Hardy to at least -15c, this should be tried anywhere, but will be happiest with a little shelter in winter.

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Nyssa sylvatica 'Miss Scarlet' (new)

Guess what colour this one turns in autumn? Yup, superb scarlet foliage is seen as the leaves senesce in October and November if planted in good light. Particularly lustrous deep green foliage in the summer months, this medium sized very hardy tree makes a good specimen on lime free soils. A particularly prolific fruiter with little blue-black berries in autumn.

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Olearia ilicifolia (new)

One of the finest of the genus and also one of the hardiest, becoming a dense, rounded, evergreen, medium-sized shrub, clothed in coarsely toothed, leathery, narrow grey-green foliage, whiteish-felted beneath. Heads of scented white flowers are borne in June. For any well drained soil with some shelter from freezing winds, though very tolerant of maritime exposure.

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Osmanthus armatus (new)

A large dense, evergreen, hardy, Chinese shrub, covered in thick-textured rigid foliage, lined with spiny teeth. Clusters of sweetly scented white flowers line the branches in autumn. A tough shrub for sun or shade.

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Osmanthus x fortunei (new)

A comparatively vigorous hybrid of O. fragrans and O. heterophyllus, this makes a large dense evergreen shrub, with spine-edged shiny holly-like foliage becoming less spiny as the plant matures. Highly fragrant white flowers are borne in autumn. Very tough and hardy for sun or shade.

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Philadelphus delavayi BO-13-083 (new)

A large vigorous, deciduous shrub bearing dense racemes of heavily scented, large white flowers in June. One of the finest species. This is the real thing, collected in SW China. Easy in virtually any soil or situation, sun or semi-shade.

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Philadelphus schrenkii var. jackii (new)

A rare species, from NE China and Korea in this variety, making an upright large shrub with very fragrant white flowers in June/July. Akin to the European P. coronarius. Any ordinary soil, even thin chalk.

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Pittosporum parvilimbum (new)

New to cultivation in the UK and another Pan Global' introduction, this hardy species form China is rather different and particularly elegant. Very slim, dainty evergreen foliage clothes an open large shrub, with clusters of long stalked pale yellow sweetly scented flowers seen in early summer. Proven tough in the USA, grow this in full sun or semi-shade.

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Pleiosorbus megacarpus (new)

Virtually unknown in cultivation, this was found originally by Kingdon Ward and described as Eriobotrya wardii, though is a far cry from E. japonica. This Eastern Himalayan is usually epiphytic but can be terrestrial. Usually a large shrub/small tree, though can be larger, with large ovate foliage turning fiery red in autumn. Conical heads of white flower and huge brown fruit.

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Podocarpus latifolius (new)

The South African 'Real Yellowwood' forms large trees up to 30m high in the moister mountains of the south, east and north of the country and also Zimbabwe. Attractive slim, linear flattened evergreen foliage emerges pink-red flushed and radiates around the shoots forming an attractive effect. Only hardy in the mildest parts of the British Isles.

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Populus szechuanica var. tibetica (new)

Rarely seen, yet one of the most attractive of the Chinese balsam poplars, the leaves being a similar size to the well known and loved P. lasiocarpa. Foliage is elegant and broadly ovate, flushing red in spring and retaining a red midrib, green above and whitish-glaucescent beneath. A strong growing large tree to 20m+ adapted to most soils.

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Pseudopanax 'Tuatara' (new)

Recently raised in New Zealand, this hybrid Pseudopanax has leathery purple-tinted dark green foliage with three very narrow divergent leaflets, lined with prominent forward pointing teeth. To probably about 2m tall, this is well suited to coastal gardens and other mild areas. Great in a pot.

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Pseudopanax crassifolius (new)

The Lancewood from New Zealand has an unmistakable growth form. For years as a youth it grows strongly upward with very slim evergreen leaves up to 60cm long pointing rigidly downwards at an angle. Usually dark purple-brown-green, they become much shorter in adulthood when the plant changes into a dense lollipop-shaped tree. Survived 2010 in Oxfordshire!

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Quercus coccifera NJM 12.006

Quercus coccifera NJM 12.006 (new)

'Kermes Oak'. The classic dwarf scrub oak of the Mediterranean basin, looking more like a holly. This collection from SW Turkey. A slow growing, drought resistant evergreen shrub, eventually reaching 2m or more in a sunny site. The foliage often emerges in beautiful shades of copper-red. This is the host plant of the cochineal producing Kermes insect.

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Quercus durata (new)

A Californian endemic evergreen scrub oak with small holly-like spiny leaves, usually cupped and with a felted underside. Reaches a maximum of three meters tall, but usually much shorter.

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Quercus faginea ex Andalucía (new)

An impressive oak from Southern Spain, collected originally near Jimena de la Frontera. This makes a perfectly hardy, drought tolerant small to medium evergreen tree of full, rounded form, with deeply fissured bark, the leaves with shallow, forward pointing lobes. Only ever really seen in specialist collections in the UK, for no good reason. Easy on most soil types.

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Quercus frainetto 'Tortworth' (new)

A selection of this large, vigorous and rather magnificent species with even more deeply lobed leaves than is usual. The tree this is selected from is a rather splendid mature specimen at Tortworth Court, Gloucestershire, with strong radiating branches on a huge rounded crown over 30m tall.

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Quercus ithaburensis subsp. macrolepis (new)

The Valonia oak has handsome grey-green hairy foliage, deeply and sharply lobed. The acorns are surrounded by huge very scaly cups. Rarely offered or seen this great looking oak makes a deciduous, hardy small to medium tree in the UK. From Turkish seed.

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Quercus laurina NJM 05.013a

Quercus laurina NJM 05.013a (new)

A medium sized tree with fairly narrow evergreen foliage with shallow spine tipped lobes and the most superb, rich-red new growth. Collected west of Teziutlan, Puebla State, Mexico at 2100m alt. Fully hardy and even fully evergreen exposed in a field through Dec 2010 here in a rural frost hollow in Gloucestershire!

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Quercus muhlenbergii (new)

The Chinquapin oak ranges from E and C USA down into N Mexico and is rather rarely planted in the UK, though it forms a handsome hardy specimen. Foliage is coarsely toothed and with a pale underside, turning to rich autumn tints.

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Quercus semecarpifolia (new)

A splendid, but rarely seen Sino-Himalayan evergreen oak. Potentially forming a strong upright tree 15 to 20m tall given 100 years, with handsome undulate foliage, spine edged on young plants, but entire on older specimens, emerging with the undersides conspicuously sand-yellow hairy. Very hardy.

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Raukaua laetevirens (new)

An elegant Pseudopanax relative from the moist forests of Southern Chile. Small compound foliage consists of five slim leaflets and the green flowers in terminal clusters give rise to maroon-purple fruits. Makes a large shrub or even small tree to 6m if very happy. Hardy to at least -12c. I've seen these under Araucaria and Nothofagus dombeyi in Chile.

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Rehderodendron indochinense NJM 09.119 (new)

Exceptionally rare in cultivation, the seed for these was gathered in N. Vietnam at 2100m. Differing from R. macrocarpum in the more persistent, more elegant foliage, dropping later in autumn, and also other points. Equally beautiful in flower and fruit, the bunches of white flowers with exserted stamens being seen in May.

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Rehderodendron sp. (new)

From N. Burma at 2700m this is potentially a very interesting find. Like any Rehderodendron this will have white flowers and sausage shaped fruit.

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Rhaphithamnus spinosus (new)

From Chile and Argentina, this is grown primarily for the small tubular pale-blue flowers in April and especially the deep-blue round fruits in autumn. This would appear to be a myrtle from afar, but under close inspection one sees the small sharply toothed leaves are subtended by sharp spines. A medium to large evergreen shrub, best against a warm wall in colder areas.

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Rosa aff. kokanica ex Kyrgyzstan (new)

Found near Arkyt, Kyrgyzstan, in an area that regularly sees -30c, and sometimes less, this should be hardy with you. A fairly small growing species to about 1.5m high, with attractive diminutive blue-grey-green foliage. Flowers are either yellow or white and are of course single. Hips are long necked and mature red-black. For a warm sunny well drained position.

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Rubus arcticus (new)

The Arctic Raspberry forms a very low growing creeping species to about 30cm tall, with vivid red-pink flowers in early summer followed by very tasty deep-red fruits that are remarkably unaffected by frost. Usually found in acid soils in nature, but probably more tolerant than that.

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Rubus calophyllus PAB 13.171

Rubus calophyllus PAB 13.171 (new)

One of the finest of all Rubus, making a medium-sized evergreen arching shrub. The large deep-green glossy leaves are silvery beneath with very many closely spaced parallel veins, and could be likened to an imaginary single leaflet R. lineatus. Claret-red flowers in summer. Best with some shelter, from freezing easterly winds.

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Rubus ichangensis Silver form

Rubus ichangensis Silver form (new)

A Chinese species grown for its striking silvered new foliage. The evergreen leaves are shaped like a long arrow head and emerge in spring a glistening silver, turning to pewtered green as the season progresses. This forms an efficient ground cover or pops up between things. Height to 50cm unsupported. Hardy with me in my VERY cold garden.

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Rubus irenaeus (new)

A rather bold looking Chinese species, used wisely as a ground cover in shady areas. The broad rounded evergreen foliage with a subtle metallic lustre is beige felted beneath and sometimes over 15cm across on slender pale grey downy stems. White flowers followed by large edible red fruit. Hardy. Height generally about 50cm but can be taller if supported.

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Rubus lineatus from Burma (new)

One of the finest of foliage plants, up there with Neolitsea, Schefflera etc, with extremely attractive leaves in the style of a Schefflera, but with the 5 leaflets conspicuously and densely parallel veined, green above and silvery, shining, silky beneath. A virtually spineless, multistemmed semi-evergreen shrub to 2m, for a sheltered corner.

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Ruscus aculeatus from Croatia (new)

'Butchers Broom'. These are from Southern European stock. A very tough, spiny-leaved, extremely shade and drought tolerant, bushy evergreen shrub, reaching about 1m. Berries resembling bright red cherries, often abundantly produced if both males and females are grown. Tolerant of both acid and alkaline soil.

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Sarcococca wallichii from Manipur 1 (new)

A fairly tall member of the genus, forming an evergreen shrub to 1.5m high, with fragrant white flowers borne from the leaf axils in autumn, winter or spring, depending on your climate. Leaves are large for a Sarcococca. For a sheltered position in semi-shade or sun.

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Sarcococca wallichii from Manipur 2 (new)

A tall growing species with comparatively large leaves, reaching about 1.5m high with short racemes of wonderfully sweetly scented white flowers (up to 12 flowers per raceme) borne in the leaf axils up the stems in autumn, winter or spring, depending on your climate. For a sheltered position in semi-shade or sun.

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Schefflera shweliensis NJM 13.130 (new)

Very closely related to S. taiwaniana, this rarity hails from the Eastern Himalaya and these were found in Nagaland, NE India. Superb trees to approx. 20m high are found in the wild, with beautiful glossy evergreen foliage with usually nine leaflets. This will make a much smaller tree in the UK. Hardly any plants are grown in the UK so ultimate hardiness is unknown.

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Schefflera sp. from Yunnan (new)

An unidentified species as yet, with very beautiful slim shallowly lobed leaflets when juvenile, turning to still slim, but unlobed when mature. Expect some hardiness, but I have no idea how much. Found on Cangshan Mt, near Dali, at apparently 3000m altitude, this is almost definitely the first offering ever of this species in the UK.

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Schefflera sp. nova NJM 13.130 (new)

This recent find from high altitude in Nagaland is apparently an undescribed new species. Sharing the forest at over 2700m asl with Rhododendron macabeanum, this made a small tree to about 10m in the largest specimens, but most often much smaller. Compound palmate leaves with lightly toothed leaflets green above and grey hairy beneath.

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Searsia leptodictya (Syn. Rhus) (new)

A small South African evergreen tree to 5m high with willowy trifoliate leaves and a rounded crown. Inconspicuous flowers are followed by apparently edible fruit on female trees, which are often brewed into a beer. This has some hardiness, but is only suited to the mildest parts of N. Europe. Very drought tolerant.

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Skimmia arborescens (new)

Found in Manipur, NE India, in the Arakan mountain range, this is a large growing species. Known to reach up to 8m high in the wild, this will be shorter in cultivation, where it is virtually unknown. Better suited to milder areas, this will excel in west coast gardens, where it will make a large shrub, and possibly a small tree one day. White spring flowers, then black fruit.

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Sorbus aff. wallichii ex Burma (new)

A rowan from 2320m altitude in Himalayan Burma, with brick-red fruit and small dark green pinnate leaves. A small tree probably not best suited to the coldest gardens.

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Sorbus eleanorae (new)

A large leaved recent introduction from China, closely related to S. megalocarpa. A small hardy tree of upright, rounded habit, this differs from the latter in bearing its rounded-conical heads of creamy-white flowers with the foliage in spring. These are followed by bright-green turning red-brown fruit, like little crab-apples in autumn.

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Sorbus epidendron from Burma (new)

Found at over 2500m, this grew as a small tree in the mountain forests, with relatively slim green foliage and small green fruit. A member of the Micromeles section, as is S. megalocarpa etc. and very rarely seen in cultivation. Makes a large shrub or small tree.

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Sorbus pallescens 'White House Farm' (new)

From seed originally collected in China, this Maurice Foster selection turned out to be of naturally fastigiate habit, making a flame-shaped upright hardy deciduous tree for tight spaces or formal avenues etc. Simple elliptic to oblong leaves are white beneath and clusters of white flowers in spring are replaced by green fruit with red cheeks. Tough and easy.

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Sorbus wallichii NJM 13.127 (new)

A collection from Nagaland, NE India, of this rarely seen Himalayan species. A small tree, the pinnate foliage with 4 - 8 pairs of narrowly oblong leaflets and small crimson fruit in late autumn/winter.

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Sorbus wardii from N Burma (new)

An unusual Himalayan whitebeam, this makes a small to medium sized hardy tree. Leaves emerge grey-downy and turn green above and pale beneath. Globular amber fruits in autumn.

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Sorbus zahlbruckneri (new)

Sometimes confused with S. alnifolia, this Chinese species has slimmer leaves and forms a rounded crown of attractive narrow foliage that takes on good autumn tints as the small fruit ripen to red. Leaves are thinly hairy beneath. The true species is rare in cultivation and looks more like S. folgneri and is very hardy and easy to grow.

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Stachyurus chinensis 'Celina' (new)

A selected form of this exceptional deciduous large hardy shrub. Dark purple-brown branches are exquisitely strung along their bare lengths in early spring with rigidly pendulous racemes up to 13cm long, of small primrose-yellow flowers. Foliage is handsome in form with a long tapering tip.

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Staphylea holocarpa 'Innocence' (new)

A very highly regarded, but rarely seen large shrub or small tree from China with, in this selection, clusters of almost white flowers, tinged pink, hanging in drooping clusters from the spreading branches in spring. The leaves are composed of three slim leaflets and emerge bronze. A delicate looking but tough beauty.

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Stewartia rostrata (syn. sinensis) (new)

A small tree with white Camellia like flowers in succession over several weeks in Jul/Aug and superb crimson autumn colour. Closely related to S. sinensis, but with a grey lightly fissured bark. Needs a lime free soil.

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Styrax odoratissimus (new)

A newly available species from China producing terminal racemes of sweetly scented white flowers with conspicuous yellow stamens in early summer. Will probably reach about 6m in a sheltered, open woodland position or equivalent. Leaves of a moderate size. Needs a well drained, moist, lime-free soil.

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Syringa reticulata 'Ivory Silk' (new)

Rarely seen or known in the UK, this very hardy large shrub or usually small tree from the Far East deserves wider planting. This Canadian selection is more compact in its form with more prolific flowering, showing large dense panicles of creamy-white fragrant flowers in mid-summer. Easy in most locations.

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Teucrium ackermannii hort. (new)

The Silver Germander makes a splendid flattened mound of a dwarf silvery shrub for a raised bed, with a mass of purple-pink flowers in summer and highly aromatic foliage. Up to 45cm across and hardy to at least -10c. Widely grown, the name of this plant doesn't actually exist officially, it probably being in reality T. cossonii or a hybrid of.

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Tilia henryana 'Arnold Select' (new)

A fine selection from the USA of this highly desirable Chinese lime, growing comparatively strongly and upright, with a healthy, full, rounded crown. Very distinct and exceptionally beautiful foliage emerges softly hairy and carmine tinged, expanding to glossy green with very conspicuous bristle like teeth. Autumn flowering with lots of sweetly scented flowers.

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Tilia mongolica 'Buda' (new)

Mongolian Lime. A fairly small leaved species, very distinct in having 3--5 lobed, highly serrated leaves, especially on young plants. This attractive feature is enhanced by excellent yellow autumn colour. Scented flowers in summer on a small compact tree with dense, red tinged twigs in winter. This clone is a selection of the true species from Budapest.

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Trochodendron aralioides Taiwanese form (new)

This form is much faster growing than the norm, making a large shrub or small tree with a distinctive and attractive layered growth habit. These are seed raised from a plant selected for red new growth colour. Dark evergreen leaves on spreading branches with fascinating green flowers in erect racemes in May. Very handsome, hardy and easy.

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Ulmus 'Homestead' (new)

An American hybrid elm with a very high resistance to Dutch Elm disease, rated 4-5 out of 5, making a very vigorous tree to about 20m with annual shoots, initially at least, up to 2m long. A well branched tree, forming an open rounded crown at maturity. Good yellow autumn colour.

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Ulmus changii (new)

Very new to cultivation in the West, the Hangzhou Elm is a very hardy species native over a wide area of China. Like many Elms from the Far East this could have very good resistance to Dutch Elm disease. Grows to a maximum of about 20m, with fairly large smooth foliage.

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Ulmus davidiana var. davidiana Clone 2 (new)

A very hardy Eastern Asian elm resembling the American elm, U. americana, in all but ultimate size, reaching only 15m at maturity and forming a dense canopy. Leaves emerge dark-red, turning green and rough hairy. This has a good resistance to Dutch Elm Disease.

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Ulmus davidiana var. japonica 'Prospector' (new)

100% resistant to Dutch Elm disease, this Asian elm is closely related to the European Field Elm, U. minor. forming a graceful crown with semi-pendant lower branches, up to 14m high. The rough hairy foliage emerges orange-red tinted and turns to a good yellow in autumn.

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Ulmus harbinensis (new)

A new introduction to cultivation in the UK, this very rare elm is known from a small area in NE China, where it makes a medium sized sturdy robust tree to about 15m tall. Leaves are small and hairy. Like many Elms from the Far East this could have very good resistance to Dutch Elm disease.

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Ulmus parvifolia 'Yatsubusa' (new)

Meaning 'dwarf', this is a diminutive form of this hardy and highly disease resistant Japanese elm, which has a naturally distinctive growth form and is used in Bonsai for this reason. Grown freely in the garden it makes an 'elfin' little tree or large shrub with very small leaves and corky shoots. Easy and tolerant.

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Ulmus prunifolia (new)

Extremely rare in cultivation and new to commerce, the Cheery-leaved Elm is endemic to Hubei, China and forms a large tree up to 30m tall there with dark-grey particularly smooth bark. Like many Elms from the Far East this could have very good resistance to Dutch Elm disease.

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Ulmus x androsowii (new)

A very distinctive rarity, known as the Uzbekistan Elm, where it is used as a street tree. This forms a very characterful dense, spherical, cloud-like crown with compact branches and smallish leaves. Extremely hardy, this could well prove to have good disease resistance as one parent is U. pumila. Grows up to about 20m in Central Asia, though often smaller.

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Ulmus x mesocarpa (new)

A new introduction to the UK, this hybrid elm originates from Korea, where it makes a small very hardy tree less than 5m high. The small leaves have long drawn out tips and asymmetric bases. Like many Elms from the Far East this could have very good resistance to Dutch Elm disease.

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Vesalea floribunda (syn. Abelia) (new)

Bunches of tubular, 5cm long vibrant deep-pink flowers with open mouths produced in abundance in June/July. This splendid Mexican species is usually best grown against a warm sunny wall where it will make a medium sized evergreen shrub.

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Viburnum carlesii 'Aurora' (new)

A well known spring flowering shrub of medium size, bearing deliciously sweetly scented flowers in tight clusters. Regarded as an outstanding selection, which holds an AGM from the RHS, this form has red buds that open pink. Easy on any ordinary soil, in sun or semi-shade.

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Viburnum macrocephalum (f. keteleeri) (new)

A classic Viburnum grown for the superb display of white lacecap flowers in May, though it is usually grown in the more gaudy sterile form. Flowers are followed by red to black showy fruit. Foliage is semi-evergreen on a medium sized rounded, full shrub to about 3m tall. Vigorous as well as drought and heat tolerant.

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Viburnum sp. NJM 11.008 (new)

Found originally at 2150m altitude in Guizhou, SW China, this yet to be identified species made medium sized shrubs to 2m tall bearing clusters of bright red fruit. The new foliage throughout the growing season is a superb blackish-red.

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Zanthoxylum piperitum var. inerme Female (new)

The Japan Pepper is an obscure medium sized deciduous shrub closely related to Sichuan pepper. Used by the Japanese for culinary purposes, this form has far less in the way of spines. The pinnate leaves are very pretty with small leaflets. I love the wonderful fragrance emitted when brushed past or fondled and the red fruit clusters are attractive.

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Zelkova sicula ex Cicanna (new)

An extremely rare endemic of Sicily, discovered only in 1991 and known from only two high altitude populations. Considered one of the most critically endangered tree species in the world. Potentially a rounded deciduous fairly drought tolerant tree with grey bark to about 8m tall with well toothed foliage.

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^ Back to top

Herbaceous & Bulbous

Agapanthus 'Stellenbosch' (new)

A selection I made from hundreds of seedlings at Jim Holmes' nursery in South Africa many years ago. Pure white flowers have the drooping appearance of A. inapertus, but have widely opening trumpet-like mouths, making for an attractive and different look to most Agapanthus. Full sun and good soil.

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Agapanthus inapertus 'Lydenburg' (new)

Good mid-blue, very drooping flowers with flared mouths in large heads on stout 1.2m stems. Arose at Kirstenbosch and thought to be a hybrid of two wild forms of inapertus. For a sunny position in good soil.

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Agapanthus inapertus 'Tempest' (new)

A new variety, named here. The drooping tubular flowers are the colour of the darkest of storm clouds, a really deep greyish-blue. Stems to approx. 1m. For sun and well drained soil.

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Agapanthus inapertus Tall pale blue form

Agapanthus inapertus Tall pale blue form (new)

Heads of pale blue, very pendulous tubular flowers on stout, very tall 1.5m stems. For a sunny position in good well drained soil.

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Allium schoenoprasum 'Pink Bere' (new)

Pink Chives. A seedling of 'Black Isle Blush' with richer pink flowers, the colour of 'Pink Perfection'. Very vigorous. Comparatively large heads of rich pink flowers. Splendidly edible.

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Allium wallichii CLD 1500 (new)

Attractive rich-purple flowers on stems to 40cm high in summer, this is a very fine form of this Sino-Himalayan speices, found in Yunnan. Used as a vegetable in India, Burma and China; all parts are edible. Excellent for semi-shade conditions and therefore well suited to the 'forest gardening' crowd.

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Amsonia tabernaemontana var. salicifolia (new)

Bunches of pale steely-blue starry flowers atop each stem in early summer. Makes a good clump to about 80cm tall with stems clad in slim willowy foliage that turns to attractive yellow shades in autumn. Very hardy and easy in sun.

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Anemone leveillei (new)

Similar to A. rivularis but with larger flowers, this hardy spring flowering perennial bears a mass of lilac-backed white flowers with lilac stamen over attractive dissected foliage. Excellent in semi-shade and also sun if not too dry. Height 60cm.

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Angelica archangelica subsp. decurrens (new)

A most unusual subspecies of an otherwise well known favourite, found at altitude in Tajikistan, C. Asia. A monocarpic species with very bold fragrant foliage and impressive globular white inflorescences reaching 1.8m high on strong thick stems. For sun or semi-shade in any reasonable soil.

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Anthriscus nemorosa (new)

A close relative of Cow Parsley from the Caucasus, though in this case firmly perennial, this creates clouds of beautiful white umbels slightly earlier in early summer, to a similar height. Hardy and easy in sun or semi-shade.

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Asarum epigynum 'Takasago Saishin' (new)

One of the finest in the genus for foliage effect, this has spear-shaped evergreen foliage in dark green with contrasting silver net-veining. Little pale-rimmed dark-purple flowers, spotted greenish-yellow are seen amongst the foliage Mar-May. Forms a slowly spreading patch to 15cm tall. Shade.

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Asarum europaeum Pontic form (new)

A collection of Wild Spikenard from NE Turkey with larger leaves. One of the finest of low ground cover foliage perennials for shade, this makes mats of glossy, wonderfully rounded, kidney shaped, well veined foliage with odd little hooded dark purple-red flowers in spring. For well drained humusy soil, this reaches about 10cm tall by 30cm across

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Asparagus tenuifolius (new)

Very closely related to the commonly cultivated A. officinalis, this Southern European naturally grows in some shade in the wild though would no doubt cope with full sun in the UK. Most probably delicious, but I would grow it for its beautifully dissected, cloud-like foliage alone. A collection from Croatia. Hardy.

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Aster divaricatus (new)

A species aster from N America, with a mass of white flower on contrasting dark purple stems over coarsely toothed heart shaped foliage in late summer/autumn. Extremely hardy, for sun or part shade. 1m.

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Aster novi-belgii 'Porzellan' (new)

Relatively large pale-blue semi-double flowers on dark stems to 90cm tall in late summer and autumn. Sun or part shade. Not too bone dry.

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Aster turbinellus of hort. (new)

A tough, vigorous, beautiful species, making strong clumps to 1.2m tall, with slightly blue-green foliage on slim stems. Masses of small pale lilac-blue flowers with red/yellow centres are seen in late summer/autumn. Sun or semi-shade.

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Baptisia 'Purple Smoke' (new)

A hybrid of B. australis and B. alba, with racemes of smokey-violet pea flowers in early summer on charcoal coloured stems over blue-green foliage. Drought tolerant once established. Height 1m. Sun.

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Begonia 'Torsa' (new)

A hybrid of a Bhutanese species and B. grandis, this has much of the latter species visual appearance, but produces much larger, thicker textured leaves up to 48 x 35.5cm. The latter are most handsomely net-veined in red beneath and are held on red-banded green stems, topped in late summer by pale pink flowers. Hardy in the ground, like B. grandis.

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Begonia emeiensis (new)

One of the hardiest of all Begonia, this Chinese species makes bold clumps of broad, slightly silvery-green, shallowly lobed foliage that even shows some iridescence in the right light. Large pale pink flowers. Very hardy, given a shaded moist site and well drained soil, preferably high in open organic matter. Mulch over for greater winter protection, but you shouldn't need it.

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Begonia heracleifolia 'Nigricans' (new)

One of the finest Begonia for spectacular foliage; each large, deeply and sharply lobed palmate leaf is up to 38cm across and boldly and randomly marked with greenish-black, turning greener as they age. These are held on red speckled petioles up to 36cm long and pale pink flowers are borne on stalks up to at least 70cm tall. A great houseplant, or outside in summer only.

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Begonia josephi (new)

From NE India, this Himalayan species has peltate foliage, either simple or with two strong pointed lobes on the upper half of the leaf. Some are green below, others with red tints. Under the right shading the leaves can show very good iridescence. Pure white flowers. This has a little hardiness, but mulch well if you want to try it outside over winter.

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Begonia koelzii NJM 12.077 (new)

A new species, very recently described, though originally found by Kingdon Ward in Manipur. One of the most splendid foliage Begonias with very large, palmate, heavily dissected leaves on red spotted petioles. Pink flowers in late summer. Makes a very bold clump up to 50cm high by 75cm across. Possibly hardy outside with a mulch but untested as yet.

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Begonia pedatifida 'Apalala' (new)

An exceptional foliage form of this very hardy Chinese species, named here, with the broad leaves exceptionally cut into multiple, often overlapping, sharply pointed lobes. Large lightly scented pure white flowers in mid to late summer. Fully hardy outside in even the very coldest winters in rural Gloucestershire, forming a splendid clump. Well drained, open, humus rich soil in part shade, mulched in winter if you're scared.

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Begonia silletensis var. mengyangensis (new)

Big, sumptuous, glossy, bright green foliage up to 27 x 27cm and highly fragrant pure white flowers in spring, up to 15 per inflorescence. The whole plant up to 50cm tall, this is suited to pot culture in the UK, overwintered frost free. An endemic of the very far south of Yunnan, China, growing in riverside shaded habitat.

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Begonia sp. U614 (new)

Introduced from Arunachal Pradesh and distributed incorrectly as B. sikkimensis by Michael Wickenden, this highly attractive probable new species has wonderfully deeply lobed and lacerated foliage in shades of silvery grey and green, with a deep red underside and white flowers. Reasonably hardy outside with a winter mulch, though superb in a pot too.

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Begonia xanthina x hatacoa (?) (new)

Exceptionally good silver and green foliage; deep green net-veining with solid or splotched silver in-between, red washed under, on a plant to approx. 50cm tall. Pale yellow flowers. Possibly has some hardiness if mulched well, but safest potted and overwintered frost free until you have enough to play with.

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Bergenia 'Eden's Magic Giant' (new)

Sculpted pink flushed shiny green foliage turns red in winter. Vivid deep-pink flowers March-April. Forms a good ground covering patch. Tolerant of very dry conditions in sun or semi-shade. One of the very finest modern cultivars and a far cry from the old insipid Bergenias you and I are not fond of. Height 45cm.

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Bupleurum longifolium Lime-green form (new)

From a Hungarian collection, this form of this variable species has lime-green flowers instead of the more often seen coppery-bronze. A hardy umbel from Central Europe with spatula shaped foliage and flower stems to about 1m tall in summer. The individual flowers are almost like little Astrantias and last very well, even in seed.

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Cautleya gracilis from Nagaland (new)

This small ginger relative, with red and yellow flower spikes in late summer, was found in Nagaland on the Dzukou Massif at 2400m alt. A more delicate looking species than C. spicata, reaching about 60cm. Rich soil, sun/semi-shade

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Clematis recta (new)

A Hungarian collection of this summer flowering herbaceous species reaching about 1.5m tall. Masses of white scented flowers on stems that usually need a little support to remain upright. Good soil in full sun.

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Collinsonia canadensis (new)

From the Eastern USA, this member of the mint family has citronella scented flowers and foliage (when bruised). An herbaceous plant 1m to 1.3m tall, with broad foliage and terminal pyramidal inflorescences of small soft-yellow flowers in September. An important medicinal herb, the foliage can also be used to make a tea. A woodland plant in nature, often, but not always, on limestone.

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Convallaria majalis 'Hofheim' (new)

A form of Lily of the Valley with the slightly grey-green leaves tastefully edged in a variable but generally tastefully slim cream margin. Splendidly scented white bell flowers as per normal in spring. Forms patches over time on most soils, even very dry ones. Sun or semi-shade.

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Corydalis 'Dzukou Mousse' (new)

Found at 2450m on the Dzukou Massif, Nagaland, NE India, this large growing unidentified species forms mounds of bronze-tinted green ferny foliage with caramel and yellow flowers from early summer till frost. This can get to over 1m high if allowed to rest against neighbours.

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Corydalis elata 'Blue Summit' (new)

Found on the upper reaches of Emei Shan, Sichuan, by Elizabeth Strangman, this form of the species is stronger and more reliable than most and bears strikingly rich-blue scented flowers on stems to 45cm in summer, over typically attractive green foliage. Taller than C. flexuosa and with deeper flower colour, this species also foregoes the summer dormancy. Height 45cm.

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Corydalis flexuosa 'Blue Panther' (new)

Electric blue flowers over a long spring-summer season over dainty divided foliage. Moist well drained soil in semi-shade. Height 25cm.

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Crocosmia 'Auricorn' (new)

Soft orange flowers in late summer on a tall plant with bold sword-like foliage. A relatively new hybrid of C. masoniorum x paniculata. 1.5m. Sun.

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Crocosmia 'Limpopo' (new)

Large broad, thick petalled flowers are a mix of pink and orange on stems to 75cm tall, seen over a long period, July to September. For any reasonable soil in sun.

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Crocosmia 'Mex' (new)

A relatively new vigorous form with very vibrant large red flowers seen July to September. Height 1m. For any reasonable soil in sun.

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Crocosmia masoniorum 'Rowallane Yellow' (new)

A very fine selection of this robust species from the Northern Irish garden of the same name, with splendid broad pleated upright/arching foliage topped by rich, warm-yellow upward-facing flowers in inflorescences to 90cm July/Aug. Not a thug and perfectly hardy. Sun.

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Crocosmia paniculata (new)

A large and striking species from the mountains of South Africa, with bold sword-like foliage topped in summer by deep-orange flowers on open branched heads. For any reasonable soil in sun.

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Crocosmia Twilight Fairy 'Crimson' (new)

A dwarf form to only 35cm tall, making strong clumps of upright bronze-tinted sword-like foliage topped by very vibrant red flowers in multi-branched heads in late summer. For any reasonable soil in sun.

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Cyclamen cilicium (new)

A dainty and floriferous species for the open garden with usually pale-pink flowers with elegantly twisted petals, seen in autumn. The deep-green leaves have a subtle cream or silver patterning. Grow this as you would C. coum or C. hederifolium in leafy soil under deciduous shrubs or trees.

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Cyclamen coum subsp. caucasicum (new)

An unusual geographical form of this widely cultivated late winter flowering gem, from NE Turkey and the Trans-Caucasus. Rarely sen in gardens in the UK, this has more heart shaped foliage, often marked, and generally larger flowers in shades of pale to mid-rose pink. Dormant in summer, grow this under trees or shrubs in leafy soil.

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Cyclamen graecum (new)

A truly magnificent autumn flowering species for a glasshouse or a very sheltered warm well drained spot outside, coming in an infinite range of splendid leaf patterns and markings. From Southern Greece and the Greek Islands, as well as Southern Turkey, this has flowers in shades of pale to deep-pink emerging before the leaves, September to November.

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Cyclamen intaminatum (new)

One of the two smallest species (with C. parviflorum), this dainty little gem is perfectly hardy and suitable for outdoor cultivation in the UK, though probably at its best in a raised bed or trough. Palest pink or white flowers are seen as the leaves emerge from September to November. Leaves are either plain green or variably marked in grey or silver.

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Cyclamen x hildebrandii (new)

A hybrid of C. hederifolium and C. africanum, intermediate between the two parents. Pink flowers in autumn, much like C. hederifolium.

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Datisca cannabina from Tajikistan (new)

An excellent plant for striking yet graceful structural form in green. Clumps of arching 2m stems clad with pinnate leaves and terminating in semi-pendulous terminal green inflorescences. In this unusual form the arching inflorescences have extra wispy leafy bracts throughout. A very graceful foliage plant for a reasonably sunny site and drought tolerant.

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Diascia fetcaniensis (new)

Growing at up to 3000m in the Drakensberg Mts of South Africa, this is a truly hardy species for permanent planting. Multiple spires of mid-pink flowers over a long period from mid to late summer. Good for border edges or containers etc. For full sun to part shade and any reasonably well drained soil. Height 40cm.

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Dipsacus dipsacoides (new)

From Uzbekistan, this teasel has particularly ornamental flower heads in rich lavender-blue. Very different and with smaller spherical heads than our native, but a vastly better colour. Height approx. 1 to 1.5m, flowering in summer. For sun and well drained soil.

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Disporopsis taiwanensis (new)

A relatively recent introduction to cultivation, from the cold mountains of Taiwan, this evergreen Polygonatum relative has relatively broad foliage held alternately along its stems. Along those same stems in June are strung multiple little white bell-like flowers, purple yellow inside. For shade in humusy soil.

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Disporum longistylum 'Night Heron' (new)

Magnificent dark-chocolate new growth extends on equally dark almost bamboo-like stems with contrasting pale sheaths. These branch and bear creamy-green bells followed by black fruit. Leaves turn to dark olive-green with maturity. To 1.8m tall, for semi-shade. A splendid and most desirable Dan Hinkley intro from China.

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Disporum lutescens (new)

Pale yellow dangling bells from the tips of 25cm tall Solomon's Seal-like leafy stems in May-June. A very hardy Japanese woodlander for semi to full shade and humusy soil.

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Epimedium 'Spine Tingler' CC 001764 (new)

Striking spiny long drawn out foliage with undulate edges emerges coppery-maroon before turning green. Fairly large pale lemon yellow flowers come at the same time in late spring. Humusy soil in shade, not too bone dry. Found wild in China and possibly a new species.

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Epimedium 'Suzuka' (new)

A relatively new Japanese offering with light pink and white flowers in spring. Foliage has subtle bronzy tints on emergence. Hardy and suited to good woodsy soil in shade, not too dry.

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Epimedium 'William Stearn' (new)

A cross between E. membranaceum and E. x omeiense, with splendid amounts of spidery flowers with long cherry-red spurs, tipped yellow, backed by mauve-pink sepals. Makes a good evergreen clump to 40cm high, for humus rich soil in semi-shade, not overly dry. One of the finest red flowered Epimedium.

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Epimedium alpinum (new)

From the Balkans and Northern Italy, this hardy drought tolerant species bears bicoloured yellow and garnet-red flowers in spring over subtly red-tinted new foliage, turning bright green. Height 30cm. A tough woodland ground cover for shade or semi-shade, this collection is from Samobor, Croatia.

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Epimedium macrosepalum (new)

A particularly large flowered, bi-coloured species from the Russian Far East, with exceptionally broad sepals that curve back somewhat above the spurs. These are a bright pink, but the cup at the centre of the flower and tips of the spurs are pure white. Forms a gently spreading ground cover to only 10 - 20cm high, with foliage turning maroon over winter

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Epimedium wushanense CC 014193 (new)

A splendid form of the true species collected by Darrell Probst in China, with very impressive large spiny foliage, emerging heavily mottled with rich red. Dense panicles of creamy-white flowers washed soft-yellow in the interior on stems to 50cm tall in April-May. Makes a striking evergreen clump for semi-shade and humus rich soil, never too desperately dry.

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Epimedium x versicolor 'Cupreum' (new)

Tough, vigorous, evergreen ground cover plant. Soft pink and yellow flowers in spring over bronzed new foliage. For most soils, even rather dry ones, in light shade.

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Equisetum 'Bandit' (new)

Strikingly banded with yellow, green and black at each internode up the narrow vertical stems. Safest in an ornamental pot kept moist through the growing season. 60cm, sun or shade.

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Equisetum telmateia (new)

The tallest species outside tropical regions, the Great Horsetail is native to the UK and is capable of producing stems to at least 1.5m tall if well fed and moist. Magnificent dark-banded green stems clothed in linear, very fine foliage. Fertile stems rise to 45cm in spring before the foliage. Safest kept in a large pot, stood in a tray of water.

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Eucomis zambesiaca (new)

A lower growing white flowered species of Pineapple lily from the highlands of Malawi. 30cm tall. Sun and ordinary soil, not too bone-dry in the growing season.

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Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe' (new)

A compact growing Joe Pye Weed, native to Eastern N. America, reaching to just 1.2m tall. Sturdy stems are topped by large domed heads of lavender pink flowers from slightly darker buds from July to October. A butterfly magnet. For good soil, not too bone dry, in sun or semi-shade. Very good in moister soils.

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Euphorbia sp. from Armenia (new)

A highly attractive unidentified herbaceous species found in Armenia, making a rounded bushy plant to about 1m tall, composed of many red stems clothed with slim blue-grey foliage. Bright yellow flowers in summer. This inhabited hot, summer-dry sites and will be drought tolerant and hardy.

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Helenium 'Baudirektor Linne' (new)

Masses of flat fat-petalled daisies in a mix of scarlet and orange in summer/autumn. Makes a tidy clump to 1.1m high. Sun or part shade. Good with grasses.

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Helenium 'Vivace' (new)

A relatively short clone to about 80cm, the rich-red flowers in late summer have large brown central cones. Easy in sun or part shade. Good with grasses.

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Helenium 'Waldhorn' (new)

A particularly deep red variety with flowers in August and Sept on stems up to 1.2m tall. Easy in sun or semi-shade.

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Heuchera villosa (new)

An exceptional species and especially nice in its wild green leaved form, this has broad maple-like foliage and very handsome vertical spire-like inflorescences of creamy-white flowers hovering above the leaves in mid to late summer. Very hardy and easy in a little shade or sun, not too overly bone dry.

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Hydrophyllum virginianum (new)

A Boraginaceous woodland perennial from Eastern N. America, often forming carpets under trees. White flowers over the foliage in summer on stems usually about 40cm tall. For shade.

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Impatiens pritzelii 'Sichuan Gold' (new)

A Darrel Probst collection from China, this exceptionally hardy species is best suited to some shade and not too overly dry soil. The large flowers, see June to October are cream and soft yellow with darker orange-brown markings in the throat. Height 45cm.

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Incarvillea olgae (new)

Penstemon-like pink trumpet flowers over a very long succession in summer and autumn, carried atop many upright slender stems to about 1m tall; the stems clothed in short pretty pinnate foliage composed of narrow, sometimes dissected leaflets. Extremely hardy and drought tolerant. A form of this long lived woody based perennial found in Tajikistan, C. Asia.

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Kniphofia linearifolia (new)

One of the boldest of all species, making broad clumps of heavily keeled deep green foliage. Pokers rise to 1.8m tall, composed of vivid orange buds opening to light yellow flowers in mid summer. Native to South Africa, where it often grows in large stands in moist areas. In cultivation here it is perfectly happy in any ordinary soil, even through droughty periods.

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Lysimachia christinae 'Zixin' (new)

Found wild in China, 'Zixin' was named for the excellent deep purple-red variegation following the veins in the otherwise green leaves. In use as a groundcover plant in China, this will spread to form low mats of excellent small foliage, interspersed with bright yellow flowers with deep purple throats in spring/ early summer.

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Melanthium virginicum (Syn. Veratrum) (new)

Once treated as a Veratrum, this highly attractive and very hardy Eastern North American perennial is very slow to increase from seed, therefore is very rarely offered in the UK. Rosettes of corrugated linear foliage give rise to flowering stems in early summer, topped by candelabras of creamy-white flowers followed by handsome pale green seed pods. Unlike most Veratrum this flowers nearly every year if well fed.

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Mentha spicata BERBER MINT (new)

A gift from the Berbers of the Anti-Atlas, Southern Morocco, this is the true Moroccan Mint, vital for authentic Moroccan mint tea, unlike most of the other stock currently in cultivation which is substandard. Traditionally brewed with Chinese gunpowder green tea, poured from a great height and served with large amounts of white sugar! Unlike other M. spicata this needs a sunny well drained spot.

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Monarda 'Hartwood Wine' (new)

Deep purplish-pink flowers atop stems to approx. 90cm, June to Sept. Highly aromatic Bergamot foliage. For any reasonable soil in sun or semi-shade, not too dry.

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Monarda 'Jacob Cline' (new)

Fiery scarlet flowers from burgundy tinted calyces on stems to 90cm. Highly aromatic Bergamot foliage. For any reasonable soil in sun or semi-shade, not too dry.

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Monarda 'Violet Queen' (new)

A bergamot with purple tinted highly aromatic foliage, topped in late summer to autumn by violet-purple flowers on stems to 90cm.

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Myrrhis odorata (new)

Sweet Cicely is an airy perennial umbellifer from the mountains of Southern and Central Europe that has naturalised here in the UK, especially in the north. A handsome garden plant with white lacy umbels above very finely divided foliage in May-June, it is also an edible aromatic herb with a strong flavour and scent of anise. Hardy and easy in sun or semi-shade.

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Nepeta nuda 'Lake Sevan' (new)

A non-flopping tall species from Southern and Central Europe sending vertical stems skyward, topped by candelabras of slim inflorescences to 1.2m high. Masses of small mid-blue flowers in late summer in this form from Armenia. Grey green foliage clothes the lower half of the stems. For sun and well drained soil.

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Nepeta nuda 'Romany Dusk' (new)

A non-flopping tall species from Southern and Central Europe sending vertical stems skyward, topped by candelabras of slim inflorescences to 1.2m high. Masses of small pale pinky-blue flowers in late summer, set off against splendid dark stems in this form. Grey green foliage clothes the lower half of the stems. From the Apuseni Mountains, Romania. For sun and well drained soil.

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Ophiopogon sp. NJM 11.018 (new)

An unidentified species from Guizhou, SW China, found at nearly 1900m altitude in semi-shade. This has slim dark green evergreen arching foliage to 30cm long, white and lilac flowers in summer, followed by bright blue fruit. Excellent evergreen ground cover for sun or shade.

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Phlomis russeliana NE Turkish form (new)

A form with deeper yellow flowers and greener leaves. Whorls of yellow flowers encircling the 1.2m stems in summer. Forms slowly spreading patches of luscious hairy leaves, green in winter. Seed heads provide winter interest. Sun or shade, very tough.

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Phlox ovata (new)

The Mountain Phlox is a small Eastern North American species rarely grown in the UK, this has stems to 30cm topped by heads of deep rose-pink flowers in summer. For semi-shade and not too dry soil.

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Phlox paniculata 'Jade' (new)

A relatively new short sturdy form, with uniquely coloured rounded heads of scented white flowers edged in green in summer. Mildew resistant. Height 50cm. Sun or part shade. Not too dry.

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Pimpinella major 'Rosea' Short form (new)

The Greater Burnet-Saxifrage from Central Europe and the Caucasus is actually a member of the carrot family, the Apiaceae and, in this form, bears flattened umbels of pale pink flowers in early summer on stems to 60cm. Sun or part shade in most decent soils.

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Pimpinella rhodantha (new)

Light and airy mid-pink or occasionally pale pink hardy perennial dwarf umbel flowering June to August on stems to just 40cm over finely dissected foliage. From Transcaucasia, Turkey and Iran. This collection from Georgia. For full sun and any ordinary soil.

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Podophyllum 'Spotty Dotty' (new)

Large parasols of foliage with lobed margins, heavily spotted and marked with dark brown dots, especially on emergence. Fairly large dark-red flowers hang under the foliage in May and June. A superb foliage plant for shade or semi-shade in woodsy, not too dry soil. Protect from slugs and snails as the plant emerges in spring. Height 45cm.

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Polygonatum falcatum NJM 11.012 (new)

A collection from Guizhou, SW China, of this large impressive species. Arching stems with relatively large elongated foliage and dangling white and green flowers in June. Height 50cm. For some shade and humusy soil.

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Polygonatum odoratum 'Red Stem' (new)

A form of Solomon's Seal with a distinctly red stem contrasting with the bright green foliage and the usual white flowers in late spring. Clumps up well in good soil with light shade.

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Rhodohypoxis '1000 Cranes' (new)

Flowers white flushed pink with deep pink centres. A South African alpine plant in nature enjoying a moist summer in well drained gritty, peaty soil and full sun. Grassy leaves and flowers in June/July. Ideal in a trough, pot or well drained rock garden, with a slate or similar over the dormant plant in winter to keep off excess moisture. Hardy.

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Rhodohypoxis 'Pintado' (new)

A clone with white flowers, flushed pink. A South African alpine plant in nature enjoying a moist summer in well drained gritty, peaty soil and full sun. Grassy leaves and flowers in June/July. Ideal in a trough, pot or well drained rock garden, with a slate or similar over the dormant plant in winter to keep off excess moisture. Hardy.

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Rhodohypoxis baurii 'Apple Blossom' (new)

A clone with flowers a mix of white and softest pink. A South African alpine plant in nature enjoying a moist summer in well drained gritty, peaty soil and full sun. Grassy leaves and flowers in June/July. Ideal in a trough, pot or well drained rock garden, with a slate or similar over the dormant plant in winter to keep off excess moisture. Hardy.

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Rhodohypoxis baurii 'Coconut Ice' (new)

A white clone, centred and faintly flushed pink. A South African alpine plant in nature enjoying a moist summer in well drained gritty, peaty soil and full sun. Grassy leaves and flowers in June/July. Ideal in a trough, pot or well drained rock garden, with a slate or similar over the dormant plant in winter to keep off excess moisture. Hardy.

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Salvia 'Phyllis Fancy' (new)

A splendid Californian S. leucantha hybrid with white and palest lavender flowers emerging from rich-blue calyces on nodding 30cm spikes over a very long season in late-summer/autumn. A bushy green leaved perennial, this is one of the finest of modern salvias. Take cuttings in autumn in case of extreme cold, but actually proven very hardy in American trials. Height 1.8m, spread 1.8m.

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Salvia macrophylla Purple leaf form (new)

Also known as Upright form in the USA, this is taller and more upright than the original clone in cultivation and with longer inflorescences of vibrant deep-blue, this reaches 1.5m high. Large triangular green leaves are deep-purple beneath. From Peru, this is not hardy, but cuttings root very easily and seed is produced in abundance. Replant in spring after frosts have passed..

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Salvia microphylla F&M 157

Salvia microphylla F&M 157 (new)

A form with brilliantly vivid red flowers over a typically hugely long period in summer and autumn. Flowers are not as huge as some modern cultivars, but the intensity of colour is outstanding, being a striking, vivid, non-fading, vibrant crimson. Makes a low dense bush, wider than high, for a sunny, warm, well drained spot. Survived Jan 09 outside.

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Sanguisorba 'Lemon Splash' (new)

Green foliage is speckled with bright yellow. Maroon thimble-flowers high above the foliage on 75cm stems in late summer/early autumn.

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Sanguisorba applanata (new)

A superb foliage plant with sumptuous masses of ground covering, bold, pale blue-grey pinnate leaves to 50cm tall, very much in the style of Melianthus major. Occasional heads of white flowers in summer are completely irrelevant. Hardy and easy; spreading to form a splendid patch in sun or semi shade.

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Sanguisorba tenuifolia 'Stand Up Comedian' (new)

A particularly good form of the species with strong upright stems topped by drooping white catkins in summer. Finley divided pinnate green leaves are most attractive. Sun and moister soil, though actually rather tolerant. 1.5m

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Sanguisorba tenuifolia DTHC 535 (new)

A richly flowered selection with dark maroon 'catkins' atop strong and sturdy upright stems over finely divided foliage in August. Sun and moister soil, though actually rather tolerant. 1.5m.

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Sanguisorba tenuifolia Tall pale pink (new)

A very strong form with pale pink drooping 'catkins' atop sturdy upright stems to 1.8m tall, over finely divided foliage in August. Sun and moister soil, though actually rather tolerant.

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Selinum wallichianum from Bhutan (new)

A tall growing form originally from Bhutan. Flat, white, cow parsley-like flower-heads in summer over gloriously finely cut leaves. The foliage a joy in itself. One of the finest umbellifers, but one that is difficult to keep looking good in a pot on a nursery, darn it! Height 180cm in a moist year.. Sun, but not too dry.

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Smyrnium olusatrum Cretan Giant form (new)

An exceptionally tall race of the species originally found on Crete, reaching at least 1.8m high in flower. 'Alexanders' were brought here from southern Europe by the Romans as an early season edible. Very early into growth, the splendid glossy green foliage is topped by umbels of pale greenish-yellow flowers in spring. A biennial so allow to self sow, where it will be easy on any scrubby bit of soil.

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Thalictrum 'Black Stockings' (new)

A tall and rather splendid recent introduction with exceptional stem colour. Fluffy heads of lavender-purple flowers contrast with the jet-black slim stems that rise through a sea of Aquilegia-like green leaves in mid-summer. Sun or semi-shade in any reasonable soil.

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Thalictrum 'Splendide' (new)

One of the finest in the genus for sheer flower-power, yet still retains the grace of most Thalictrum. Billowing masses of comparatively large cupped pinkish-lilac flowers with cream stamen over a very long period in summer, from June to Sept. Up to 1.3m tall with attractive foliage to 50cm. T. delavayi x T. elegans. Sun or semi-shade, not overly dry.

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Trachystemon orientalis (new)

A tough dependable member of the Borage family from Eastern Europe to the Caucasus, forming great mounds of large, hairy to the touch, green foliage. Performs the same duty as a Hosta in giving very bold foliage effect in shady places, yet not bothered by slugs. Blue borage flowers in early spring. Height 60cm.

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Trautvetteria carolinensis var. occidentalis (new)

A Western North American Ranunculaceous woodlander, with handsome large Aconite-like, deeply lobed foliage up to 20cm across, topped by fluffy heads of pure white flowers over a long period from mid to late summer. For shade/semi-shade in woodsy not too dry conditions. Height approx 60cm.

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Trillium cuneatum (new)

Dark brownish-red flowers with erect petals stand at the centre of excellent horizontal marbled foliage. This hardy N. American ephemeral woodlander starts to rise in early spring and dies down for summer. It enjoys humus rich soil in shade/semi-shade under deciduous trees or shrubs. A good robust species, though watch out for slugs as they emerge.

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Trillium grandiflorum (new)

A classic Eastern North American spring woodland perennial, often occurring in huge numbers in nature. Pure white flowers, the three petals opening outward over the tri-foliate leaf arrangement. This hardy N. American ephemeral woodlander starts to rise in early spring and dies down for summer. It enjoys humus rich soil in shade/semi-shade under deciduous trees or shrubs.

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Valeriana pyrenaica (new)

From the Pyrenees and Cantabria, a perennial with broad heart shaped foliage on stems to 1.1m, topped by branched heads of scented pinkish-white flowers opening from lilac-pink buds in May-July. A plant with presence. Hardy, in sun or semi-shade, not too bone dry.

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Veratrum album (new)

A native of Europe east to Alaska and therefore highly variable. Slow to raise from seed and not really a commercially viable plant, this genus is undeniably one of the finest for foliage, with wonderful pleated leaves, especially fine when emerging. Green flowers on branched stems to 1.75cm. For sun or semi-shade, not too dry.

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Veratrum californicum (new)

This North American native is mainly grown for its splendid pleated foliage, at its most perfect in spring/early summer. Making bold clumps over time, this species does not produce it's tall branched inflorescences of starry white flowers every year. A true connoisseur's plant that is very slow to produce commercially from seed and hence expensive. Easy and hardy in sun, semi-shade.

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Veratrum viride (new)

Slow to raise from seed and not really a commercially viable plant, this genus is undeniably one of the finest for foliage, with wonderful pleated leaves, especially fine when emerging. This species is native of Eastern and Western N. America and sends up branched inflorescences to 2m tall in summer with green flowers. Foliage is spirally arranged on the stem. For sun or semi-shade, not too dry.

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Veronicastrum virginicum 'Erica' (new)

In this pink flowered selection the foliage emerges with a soft red tint. A striking late summer perennial of very upright form, bearing multiple slim long spikes of pink flowers from dark-pink buds, July to September on strong stems to 1.2m. Foliage is arranged attractively in whorls up the stems. Sun or semi-shade.

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Veronicastrum virginicum 'Pink Glow' (new)

A fine pink selection. A striking late summer perennial of very upright form, bearing multiple slim long spikes of pale-pink flowers from slightly darker buds, July to September on strong stems to 1.2m. Foliage is arranged attractively in whorls up the stems. Sun or semi-shade.

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Veronicastrum virginicum 'Temptation' (new)

A striking late summer perennial of upright form, bearing multiple slim long spikes of bluey-lilac flowers July to Sept on strong stems to 1.2m. Foliage is arranged attractively in whorls up the stems. Sun or semi-shade.

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Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Glencoe' (new)

A particularly good modern selection of the species from Shropshire; hugely floriferous, very hardy and reasonably large with leaves up to 1.5m. Masses of white flowers in summer over the lush foliage. A great cut flower. Easy in sun or semi shade, wet or dry.

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Zauschneria californica 'Western Hills' (new)

A very long succession of scarlet tubular flowers over slim and small matt grey-green leaves on a bushy little gently spreading plant in late summer/autumn. Needs sun and drainage, where it is very drought tolerant. Excellent on walls or path edges. Height 40cm.

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Grasses

Calamagrostis 'Kyrgyz Giant' (new)

This very bold grass was found high in the Tien Shan mountains of Kyrgyzstan. It forms big clumps, with inflorescences to approx. 2.5m high and inhabits gravelly valley bottoms where it endures long dry summers. Deciduous and extremely hardy (it gets to -50c in habitat!).

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Deschampsia cespitosa 'Cabana Buta' (new)

A new collection from Romania with fairly broad foliage and silvery very diffuse heads of flower in summer. To 1m high. Naturally clump forming, this flowers best in full sun.

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Deschampsia cespitosa 'Mill End' (new)

A taller selection of our wonderful native Tufted Hair Grass, reaching up to 1.2m in flower. Forming good clumps of deep green foliage these are topped by a multitude of relatively upright slim stems holding a veritable cloud of tiny beige flowers in early summer. Stems and seed heads turn uniformly straw coloured in late summer/autumn.

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Miscanthus lutarioriparius (Syn. Triarrhena) (new)

This is new to cultivation in the UK, from China. A truly huge exotic windproof grass reaching 5 to 6m tall; the giant of the genus. It has a running rhizome, so dig in a barrier if it is important to keep it from spreading too far or just grow it in a large pot overwintered under cover. Very hardy and easy in sun or semi-shade.

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Miscanthus sinensis 'Kaskade' (new)

One of the finest forms of the species for flower effect, this produces heavy, arching, exceptionally plumose pink-tinted silvery flower heads relatively early in the season in August. Height 2m. Easy in most soils.

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Miscanthus sinensis 'Rotsilber' (new)

Bold clump forming grass to 1.5m. Arching foliage, shiny red flowers, and good autumn colour of orangey-maroon. Sun or part shade.

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Molinia caerulea 'Dark Defender' (new)

A form of Purple Moor Grass with splendid black, slim, linear flower-heads which stand at the tips of vertical stems in summer. Makes a good clump which bleaches out in autumn and stays firm and effective all winter. Hardy, easy, to approx. 1m tall.

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Molinia caerulea 'Skyracer' (new)

A very handsome tall grass, the diffuse late summer purple-green inflorescences are held on wiry upright stems to 2.1m tall, giving a bold airy effect. The foliage contrasts by staying in a basal clump of comparatively broad arching leaves. The whole plant turns to shades of yellow in autumn. Hardy. Sun or semi-shade.

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Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Red Head' (new)

A Fountain grass with, in this form, soft-red-pink spikes to 1m in summer. Fluffy, elongated and as beautiful as ever. Deciduous. Sun, well drained soil. Hardy.

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Pennisetum orientale 'Karley Rose' (new)

Particularly good soft-pink, slim, 'bottle-brush-like' flower heads on a tall plant to about 80cm in summer. Sun and well drained soil. Hardy.

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Stipa gigantea 'Goldilocks' (new)

A recently selected slightly more compact form of this magnificent species. Huge, but very airy heads of whispy flowers turn straw coloured in summer and are held through to winter giving an extremely long season of interest. Height 1.5 to 1.8m. Sun. Big but fairly transparent. I would not be without this species.

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Stipa pseudoichu (new)

A collection from N. Argentina of this highly attractive ornamental grass. Very fine green foliage forms a basal clump and from it rises fairly tall flower stalks topped by wispy arching heads of silvery pale-beige in late summer. Height 1.5m. For sun and reasonably well drained soil.

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Ferns

Arachniodes simplicior (syn. A. aristata 'Variegata') (new)

A particularly handsome evergreen Asian species with broadly triangular, bipinnate, dagger-like hard textured fronds; deep green and glossy with prominent yellow markings along the midribs and therefore naturally variegated. An elegant beauty for semi-shade where it will make a gently moving colony on spreading rhizomes. Beware slugs when fronds are young. Hardy.

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Blechnum punctulatum (new)

Long slim, linear to lanceolate, evergreen pinnate fronds that emerge red-pink from an open rhizome, this South African is hardy across the UK and beyond. Humus rich soil in semi-shade. Frond length 60-90cm.

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Cheilanthes farinosa (new)

A highly attractive small fern with bipinnate lance shaped fronds to 30cm. Fronds are erect, which is useful for viewing the exquisite pure white undersides, which is derived from a protective farinose wax. Native primarily to Mexico, but also to Africa and Asia, this xeric fern is suited to pot culture in the UK; outside in sun in the summer and overwintered dry under glass.

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Coniogramme japonica 'Flavomaculata' (new)

The 'Bamboo fern' is a potentially large evergreen fern from the Far East with twice pinnate glossy green fronds up to 1m long by 60cm wide in good conditions. In this form with small yellow markings in herringbone pattern on the upper side of the fronds. For a shaded moist humus rich soil.

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Cyrtomium macrophyllum (new)

The Large leaved Holly fern is one of the most striking of the genus with very large segments to the 60cm fronds. Unlike more usual looking ferns this makes a bold exotic presence. The fronds are composed of up to eight pairs of pale green, matt textured pinnae; each broad, but drawn out at the tip. For woodsy soil in shade.

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Diplazium australe (new)

The 'Austral Lady Fern' hails from Eastern Australia, New Zealand and Lord Howe Island and is a close relative of Athyrium. A medium to large fern, this remains elegant with finely divided tripinnate fronds to 70cm. Easily grown in shade to semi-shade in moist leafy soil, this rarity should be hardy in all but the very coldest inland northern pats of the UK.

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Diplazium dilatatum (new)

A splendid, exotic looking medium to large fern from Southern Asia to Australia, this rarity warrants a sheltered position until its hardiness is proven, or pot culture. Bipinnate evergreen fronds up to 3m tall from a trunk to 50cm in habitat, though no doubt smaller here unless you garden in a west coast woodland.

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Diplazium hachijoense (new)

An exotic looking rarity from Japan, though this has proved its hardiness over many years in a cold part of Central England. Large evergreen bipinnate fronds to 90cm arch over and make semi-horizontal layers of handsome foliage from a gently creeping dark rhizome. Non-invasive, but give this one some space to shine, in a shaded leafy spot.

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Dryopteris aemula (new)

The 'Hay Scented Buckler Fern' is a North West European native, including Britain. One of our most attractive wild species, with fresh green triangular tripinnate textured fronds. Native of humid woods, this prefers neutral to acid humusy soil in shade. Deciduous. Height 60cm.

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Dryopteris formosana (new)

A great rarity from the mountains of Taiwan and Japan with rather shiny evergreen pentagonal fronds held out horizontally, giving a golden-green sheen in summer. Drought tolerant and tough in semi to shaded sites. Slow into growth in the summer.

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Dryopteris kuratae (new)

A relatively newly described species from Japan, this is still rare in cultivation, yet easy to grow in average ferny conditions in shade to semi-shade. Tapering lance-shaped, pinnate fronds reach 60cm tall and arch out from the centre. Semi-evergreen.

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Dryopteris lepidopoda (new)

Similar in many ways to D. wallichiana, but far more colourful, with foliage emerging pink then turning coppery-bronze and finally a slightly glossy green. From the Himalaya, this reaches 60cm high with lance-shaped fronds. For ferny soil in semi-shade to shade. Hardy.

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Histiopteris incisa (new)

Found from temperate southern hemisphere to the tropics, this spreading fern bears distinctive, tri-pinnately divided pale glaucous green fronds from 60 to 120cm tall. Hardy across most of the UK, especially if mulched.

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Hypolepis millefolium (new)

The Thousand Leaved Fern. Bright green very softly hairy fronds are very finely divided, making for a distinct look in gardens, and rise above a gently spreading rhizome. From sub-alpine areas in New Zealand this is hardy across the UK in neutral to acid soils and ferny conditions. Height 60cm.

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Matteuccia orientalis (new)

An Asian relative of the European shuttlecock fern, but very different, bearing wide spreading broader fronds on long stipes. A particularly handsome thing with a distinctive look in the garden, requiring a reasonably wind sheltered site and a not too dry soil. Height 60-90cm. Hardy.

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Matteuccia struthiopteris 'Jumbo' (new)

For those who like things big, this is a large form of the Ostrich Plume or Shuttlecock Fern with fronds up to 1.5m tall; named in the USA but originally from European stock. Beautiful, symmetrical 'Shuttlecocks' of fresh, very light-green fronds in spring, opening out during summer. Spreads slowly underground to form a colony. Moist, even boggy soil in shade/semi-shade. Hardy.

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Microsorum henryi (new)

Best suited to pot culture, unless you live in a mild area like the west coast or Central London, where it could be tried outside. A clump forming evergreen from warmer parts of Asia, this has lots of long, very slim, shiny fronds, with undulating margins; the underside of adult fronds with two opposite rows of orange sori.

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Paesia scaberula (new)

A very pretty little fern from New Zealand with tripinnate very finely divided fronds. A coloniser in the wild, this is much better behaved in cultivation in colder areas like the UK and makes a neat clump. Rickard rates it as Zone 7 in Central England, so clearly tougher than we think, though mulch the rhizomes with straw if you're scared.

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Parathelypteris beddomei (new)

A ground covering fern from Korea, rarely seen in cultivation, though very hardy and easily grown in moist woodland conditions. Tapering fronds with up to 30 or more pairs of pinnae rise from a creeping rootstock. A good ground covering species only 45cm tall, good for mingling around taller and bolder subjects.

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Pellaea viridis (new)

A distinctive handsome, evergreen fern with vivid, glowing green fronds, composed of angular pinnae and contrasting black stipes, to about 60cm. Full hardiness unknown, it requires very well drained compost and good light. Happy overwintered in a cool conservatory.

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Polystichum aff. manmeiense (new)

From a Nepalese collection, this makes a dark evergreen species with thick textured arching shiny fronds. Usually a fairly small fern though very rarely seen in cultivation. For a sheltered humus rich spot.

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Polystichum lepidocaulon (new)

A very handsome fern, though not the hardiest, this is best long-term in a sheltered position with a little overhead cover if possible, or in milder areas. Often from maritime parts of Eastern Asia this has evergreen, shiny, leathery, pinnate fronds 30 - 60cm long. Rarely available.

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Polystichum neolobatum (new)

One of the most desired of the genus and a particularly good looking evergreen species with very thick textured and prickly edged, glossy green fronds, the stipe and rachis covered in dark-brown scales. Fronds are slightly metallic silvery when young. Many plants sold as this are actually related species. Height 45cm. For some shade and humusy soil.

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Polystichum setiferum 'Plumoso-divisilobum Bland' (new)

One of the finest of the setiferum types and rarely offered, this reaches 60cm high, with highly divided fronds, quadripinnate at the base rising to tripinnate at the tip. Pinnae overlapping at the base and not at the top. Easy in ferny conditions.

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Polystichum wawranum (new)

Related to the magnificent P. vestitum and like it from New Zealand, this is a little smaller growing with slightly lighter green, drawn-out, triangular evergreen fronds with a different 'look'. For a shaded, moist and humusy site. Rarely seen in cultivation in the UK.

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Polystichum x dycei (new)

A rare hybrid between two excellent species (proliferum and braunii) this forms one of the very largest of all Polystichum, up to 1.2m tall, making individual crowns of beautifully dissected lance shaped, bipinnate fronds. Can produce small plantlets at the tips of the fronds as per P. proliferum. A tough and easy large fern for shade to semi-shade.

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Polystichum yunnanense (new)

A very robust, hardy and easy species with narrowly triangular glossy green fronds to 90cm long, the stipes (stalks) with very obvious brown scales. From the Sino-Himalayan region, this is a strong and easy species in UK cultivation, though rarely offered or grown.

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Pteris incompleta (new)

A rarity from very few sites in the Western Mediterranean and the Canaries, Azores and Madeira where it inhabits Laurisilva forests. A handsome species, the fronds with an elegantly drawn out apex to the lamina and also the pinnae. These fronds have black bases to the stalks and can reach up to 1.5m long in ideal conditions. For mild gardens or pot culture.

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Selaginella uncinata (new)

The prehistoric Chinese fern-relative 'Blue Spikemoss' is at its most spectacular after the first flush of growth in spring, when the peacock-blue iridescence is seen most readily. Splendid ground cover for sheltered, humid shady areas between ferns, Epimediums etc., etc., where it will reach a height of just 15cm. For humusy well drained soil. Hardy throughout the British Isles.

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Climbers

Actinidia arguta 'Ken's Red' (new)

Red-skinned and fleshed fruit on this vigorous deciduous climber, closely related to Kiwi fruit, it bears large crops of fragrant, tangy, pineapple flavoured, grape-like fruit in autumn. With thin smooth red skins there is no need to peel them, unlike kiwi fruit. Very hardy and best in a sunny spot in the UK. This is apparently a hybrid though the RHS treat it as A. arguta.

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Actinidia sp. from China (new)

An unidentified as yet Edward Needham collection from an unknown locality in China. A vigorous climber with foliage emerging splendidly red-brown tinted, turning to green with red-brown tints and with pale silvery-grey markings. There are many Actinidia species in China and this is one of the finer ones for foliage.

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Aristolochia contorta (new)

A 'Dutchman's Pipe or 'Birthwort' from China and the Far East, this makes a climbing perennial to about 1.5m, bearing typically bizarre and fascinating pale yellow flowers in July - August over heart shaped light green foliage. For a sunny position on suitable support. Hardy and easy on any well drained soil.

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Bomarea multiflora (new)

Seed raised from a plant originally found at 3100m in Ecuador, this is closely related to B. caldasii, though has larger, more crowded heads of orange flowers; the throats a lighter orange with dark speckles. Flowers form at the end of climbing shoots in late summer. A striking and rarely grown climber, best mulched over in winter. Sun.

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Holboellia brachyandra (new)

One of the most exciting new climbers in years, this is the largest flowered species in this most attractive genus. Clusters of up to nine white to palest pink exceptionally large scented flowers, up to 2.5cm long on equally long contrasting red-purple stalks, are borne in late spring. Evergreen foliage is trifoliolate, with three leaflets per leaf. Up to 5m high.

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Holboellia latifolia from Manipur (new)

Handsome and vigorous, this twining Himalayan evergreen climber bears compound palmate leaves with up to 7 leaflets with distinct stalks. Deliciously fragrant flowers in March; males purplish, the females greenish-white. For a warm wall where the sausage shaped, fleshy, purple, edible fruit can form.. V. similar to H. coriacea. This collection from an obscure area.

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Kadsura heteroclita (new)

Found in the forests of N. Vietnam, this evergreen climber is closely related to Schisandra and bears similar cream flowers in late summer, followed by splendid and rather striking large rounded/angled red-purple fruit clusters. Lustrous generally elliptic glabrous foliage. Best suited to a warm wall or milder gardens.

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Lonicera glabrata 'Damchin La' KR 10608 (new)

A superb new climber from Arunachal Pradesh, NE India at approx. 2000m alt., this vigorous evergreen climber has very handsome deep purple new foliage, of ovate form and crucially with a matt finish, turning green later in the season. Spicy-sweet flowers are white turning egg-yolk orange-yellow in summer and are produced terminally and axillary.

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Rosa sp. from Meghalaya, NE India (new)

From 2000m on Shillong Peak, NE India, this climbing rose is unflowered as yet here but is less vigorous than R. brunonii that is also evident in the area. Hips are red-orange and flowers will no doubt be white and scented.

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Rosa sp. From N. Vietnam (new)

A collection from high altitude in the temperate mountains of N. Vietnam this makes a large evergreen climbing rose with glossy green pinnate foliage and masses of scented white flowers in June, followed by orange hips in autumn. This is probably better suited to a warm wall in most areas, though may be much hardier than assumed.

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Schisandra chinensis (new)

Five Flavour Fruit. A strong growing hardy deciduous climber grown for the pendulous spikes of fragrant white to pale-pink flowers in late spring and the following strings of scarlet fruit. A very important herb in both Traditional Chinese Medicine and also Western herbal medicine, the fruit are also produced commercially for use in teas, juices, wines and sweets.

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Schisandra grandiflora from Bhutan (new)

A hardy deciduous Himalayan species forming a strong growing climber to about 6m if allowed, though can be kept much smaller with ease. The highly fragrant cream flowers are borne on drooping stalks from the leaf axils in spring/early summer and, on female plants, are followed by strings of vivid red fruit. Foliage is fairly leathery with conspicuous venation.

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Stauntonia sp. NJM 10.133 (new)

Found near Fan Si Pan mountain, N. Vietnam at just over 2000m asl, very near the Chinese border, this formed an evergreen climber with compound palmate foliage with up to 8 leaflets. The yellow fruit with deliciously sweet flesh were up to 10cm long. Try this on a sheltered wall, not too cold.

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Wisteria x formosana 'Ivy Hatch' (new)

A hybrid of W. sinensis and W. formosana, the Chinese and Japanese Wisterias, this new cultivar from Kent has been selected for its full, medium length racemes of sweetly fragrant dark-mauve/purple flowers and moderate vigour. Suitable for covering most objects in most soils.

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Bamboo

Borinda nujiangensis (new)

New from Yunnan, China, and one of the most elegant of all. Tightly clumping, with closely packed relatively slim culms that are erect at first and then arch out under the weight of exceptionally slim foliage. The new culms are covered at first in red tinted sheaths that peel away to reveal ravishing icy-blue culms. Proven very hardy, even through 2010 in Shropshire! 3m.

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Fargesia nitida 'Black Pearl' (new)

A relatively new form of the species raised in 2005, so this should not in theory flower and die till about 2105. The culms are heavily stained blackish-purple in both winter and summer; this should make a dense clump of upright slim culms to about 3m tall. Very hardy and easy in sun or shade.

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Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Marliacea' (new)

A very rare form of this strong growing hardy species, distinct in the textural corrugated culms, with longitudinal grooves, this has for long been a most desirable acquisition for bamboo aficionados. Best in the southern half of the UK at least, as this species grows better with warmer summers, the thick upright culms potentially rise to about 6m.

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Exotics

Aloe striatula var. caesia (new)

The strictly high altitude, greyer leaved and supposedly hardier variety from around Molteno in the E. Cape. Easily growable outside throughout milder parts of the UK, but also possible further inland in very sheltered, sunny, very well drained spots. Multi-stemmed to 1.5m, topped by yellow Kniphofia-like flowers in July over the succulent grey-green leaves.

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Astelia fragrans (new)

This New Zealand evergreen bears a rosette of slightly silver-green sword like foliage on a clump 1m x 1m. Fragrant basally held spring flowers followed by orange berries. Makes a striking contrast to things like Muehlenbeckia astonii, which it grows together with in nature. Happy in inland or exposed coastal conditions. For well drained, but not dry soil.

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Begonia 'Torsa' (new)

A hybrid of a Bhutanese species and B. grandis, this has much of the latter species visual appearance, but produces much larger, thicker textured leaves up to 48 x 35.5cm. The latter are most handsomely net-veined in red beneath and are held on red-banded green stems, topped in late summer by pale pink flowers. Hardy in the ground, like B. grandis.

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Begonia emeiensis (new)

One of the hardiest of all Begonia, this Chinese species makes bold clumps of broad, bright green, shallowly lobed foliage that even shows some iridescence in the right light. Large pale pink flowers. Very hardy, given a shaded moist site and well drained soil, preferably high in open organic matter. Mulch over for greater winter protection, but you shouldn't need it.

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Begonia heracleifolia 'Nigricans' (new)

One of the finest Begonia for spectacular foliage; each large, deeply and sharply lobed palmate leaf is up to 38cm across and boldly and randomly marked with greenish-black, turning greener as they age. These are held on red speckled petioles up to 36cm long and pale pink flowers are borne on stalks up to at least 70cm tall. A great houseplant, or outside in summer only.

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Begonia josephi (new)

From NE India, this mainly Himalayan species has peltate foliage, either simple or with two strong pointed lobes on the upper half of the leaf. Some are green below, others with red tints. Under the right shading the leaves can show very good iridescence. Pure white flowers. This has a little hardiness, but mulch well if you want to try it outside over winter.

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Begonia koelzii NJM 12.077 (new)

A new species, very recently described, though originally found by Kingdon Ward in Manipur. One of the most splendid foliage Begonias with very large, palmate, heavily dissected leaves on red spotted petioles. Pink flowers in late summer. Makes a very bold clump up to 50cm high by 75cm across. Possibly hardy outside with a mulch but untested so far.

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Begonia pedatifida 'Apalala' (new)

An exceptional foliage form of this very hardy Chinese species, named here, with the broad leaves cut into multiple, often overlapping, sharply pointed lobes. Large lightly scented pure white flowers in mid to late summer. Fully hardy outside in even the coldest winters in rural Gloucestershire, forming a splendid clump. Well drained, open, humus rich soil in part shade, mulched in winter if you're scared.

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Begonia silletensis var. mengyangensis (new)

Big, sumptuous, glossy, bright green foliage up to 27 x 27cm and highly fragrant pure white flowers in spring, up to 15 per inflorescence. The whole plant up to 50cm tall, this is suited to pot culture in the UK, overwintered frost free. An endemic of the very far south of Yunnan, China, growing in riverside shaded habitat.

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Begonia sp. U614 (new)

Introduced and sold incorrectly as B. sikkimensis by Michael Wickendon from Arunachal Pradesh, this highly attractive probable new species has wonderfully deeply lobed and lacerated foliage in shades of silvery grey and green, with a deep red underside and white flowers. Reasonably hardy outside with a winter mulch, though superb in a pot too.

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Begonia tapatia F&M 337 (new)

A collection from 2300m altitude in Sinaloa State, Mexico. A potentially fairly hardy, tuberous species with, in this form, white spotted, dark glossy purple-green foliage of very thick texture, white with green veins on the underside. Inflorescences of pink flowers rising about 30cm high in autumn. Grows on shady banks and moist rocky slopes in its natural setting.

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Begonia xanthina x hatacoa (?) (new)

Exceptionally good silver and green foliage; deep green net-veining with solid or splotched silver in-between, red washed under, on a plant to approx. 50cm tall. Pale yellow flowers. Possibly has some hardiness if mulched well, but safest potted and overwintered frost free until you have enough to play with. This remains evergreen if frost free.

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Cautleya gracilis from Nagaland (new)

This small ginger relative, with red and yellow flower spikes in late summer, was found in Nagaland on the Dzukou Massif at 2400m alt. A more delicate looking species than C. spicata, reaching about 60cm. Rich soil, sun/semi-shade

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Curculigo crassifolia NJM 10.123 (new)

Appearing like a young palm seedling with long linear-lance shaped corrugated evergreen foliage; deep green above and covered with pale beige hair beneath. This superb foliage plant was originally collected in N Vietnam, where it inhabits anything from rock ledges to bog edge. For milder gardens or superb in a pot, overwintered under cover.

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Ficus aff. oligodon NJM 13.084 (new)

A collection from 1800m asl in Manipur, NE India, this is a tree for a very mild climate or one for a pot, overwintered in a conservatory. Splendid, handsome, very large ovate evergreen foliage with prominent impressed veins. Fruit are large dark-red, edible and sweet. Similar in many ways to F. auriculata, the Elephant Ear Fig.

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Hedychium aff. stenopetalum RF 148 (new)

A collection from Arunachal Pradesh, farthest NE India, of a ginger lily with the most magnificent foliage. Very large and long exotic looking leaves are topped by large heads of pure white spidery flowers in late summer. This flowers easily for me if overwintered under glass and summered outside after the last frosts, though it also seems fairly hardy in the garden so far.

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Hedychium coccineum from Burma (new)

From Northern Kachin State, Burma, this form of the variable H. coccineum has light-orange flowers in dense heads. Bold ladder-like foliage with a paler mid-rib. Try it outside with a good winter mulch.

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Hedychium gardnerianum NJM 13.079 (new)

A collection from Manipur with the pseudostems and leaf reverse more heavily covered with white farina. Flowers as yet unseen, though will of course be spectacular. Pseudostems to about 1.5m tall, with glossy evergreen foliage if kept potted under cover for winter, though hardy and deciduous outside, especially if mulched.

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Hedychium sp. 'Khang Khui Tall Boy' (new)

Found in the wilds of Eastern Manipur at 1600m asl, at the epicentre of Hedychium diversity, this has pseudo-stems to 2.5m tall. Unseen in flower as yet.

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Hedychium sp. 'Ziyadum' (new)

From Northern Burma. Species unknown and unflowered as yet. Fairly broad foliage.

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Hedychium spicatum 'Singalila' (new)

A superlative and very floriferous selection from Eastern Nepal of one of the hardiest and most reliable of all Ginger lilies. Exotic foliage shows red tinted undersides, on stems to approx. 1.2m, topped by large heads of fairly fragrant, rather lax white flowers with orange markings in late summer. The attractive bright red seeds cling to orange seed capsules. Very hardy in sun or semi-shade.

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Melianthus villosus (new)

Very bold grey-green, hairy, serrated edged pinnate foliage and softly hairy black-purple striped green flowers in tall heads during summer on a plant to 2m tall. Possibly hardier than M. major. May be cut back by frost, but will grow vigorously from the base as a herbaceous perennial. For a warm sunny position. Most importantly, flowers on the current season stems.

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Trachycarpus ukhrulensis (new)

An exciting new species of relatively hardy palm hailing from Manipur and Nagaland, NE India at around 2000m alt. A robust species forming tall specimens in the wild with bare, fibreless trunks and superb white undersides to the mature fronds. In some ways similar to T. princeps but with more numerous segments to the fronds. Exact cold tolerance unestablished as yet.

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Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Glencoe' (new)

A particularly floriferous and reasonably large Arum lily to 1.5m, with masses of white flower in summer over lush foliage A great cut flower. Easy in sun or semi shade, wet or dry.

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